Writing the English alphabet letter E correctly in
manuscript and cursive.
Writing the English Alphabet Letter E
Writing the English Alphabet For Kids Letter E
A Bit of Confusion
This letter is pretty easy to write but kids often write
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22 - Trash to Treasure, Part 2
Conversation, Listening, Reading)
In this lesson Sue tries to teach Anna how to turn trash
into treasure. But Anna doesn't seem to know what
treasure is. And she makes a big mess.
Watch the video and then read the video script.
Sue: Welcome to class, Anna. I can’t wait to see your trash!
Sue: Oh, okay. Alright, it’s a -- it’s a net with a … oh, it’s got a hole in it.
Tell me about that.
Anna: This net said to me, “Anna, I used to catch stuff. I don’t anymore. So,
use me, Anna.” That’s what it said. It said, “Use me, Anna.”
Sue: Okay. So...it’s a plastic helmet.
Anna: This plastic helmet said, “Anna. Hey, Anna, find me a head.”
Sue: Okay, um...and a broken toy.
Anna: This broken toy … this broken toy said to me – it said, “Anna, help me
find fun.” “Help me, Anna” is what it said.
Sue: Anna, this stuff is not saying anything to you or me or anyone. It’s what
we like to call in the business … garbage.
Anna: But you said to bring in trash.
Sue: Sometimes trash is treasure. Sometimes it's just trash.
Sue: Anna, don’t worry. Next week, I could teach you decoupage.
Anna: Decoupage. Decoupage. That’s fun to say.
Sue: All you need to bring is a clean shoe box. A box that held shoes.
Anna: I got it. I got it! See you next week!
Prof. Bot: Ut oh. It looks like Anna doesn’t know the difference between
treasure and trash. She thinks those things are telling her something!
Prof. Bot: The words tell and say have similar meanings. But we use them in
Prof Bot: Tell means “to inform or instruct someone with words” and is almost
always followed by an indirect object. For example, Sue says, “Tell me about
Prof. Bot: The word me is the indirect object and tells us who is being told.
Prof. Bot: Say means “to express something with words” and focuses more on the
words used. For example, Anna says, “That’s what it said. It said, ‘Use me,
Prof. Bot: Listen for when Anna and Sue use tell and say.
Sue: Anna, welcome to Decoupage class. Decoupage is just gluing pretty pictures
(Sue gets a phone call.)
Sue: Anna, I’ve got to talk to this person. I’ll be right back. Don’t start
Anna: Got it.
(Sue leaves to take her phone call. Anna gets glue everywhere. She becomes
covered with glue and paper.)
Anna: Okay. I can fix this.
Sue: Anna, what happened? I told you to wait for me!
Anna: Actually, you told me not to start without you, which I didn’t. Your glue
is really sticky.
Sue: Next week, let’s try lamp making. There’s – there’s no glue. Here's a
Anna: Thanks. See you next week.
Sue: Anna, you did really well this week. I think lamp making might be your
Anna: Thanks, Sue. I did everything you told me to do.
Sue: Remember: I said to read the instructions really carefully. Where are those
Anna: Let’s just plug it in!
(Anna plugs in the lamp and, suddenly, the city loses electricity.)
Anna: So, what class will you be teaching next week?
Prof. Bot: Too bad Anna didn’t follow instructions! Visit our website for more
on tell and say!
Now practice listening to only the audio portion of the conversation.
Now, you try it!
First, read more about tell and say below. Then, practice using those words in
the Comments section. Write about what happens in Lesson 22! You can find some
examples below. Try making at least one sentence with tell and one with say.
Tell | Say
TELL means “to inform or instruct someone with words.” We use an indirect object
(personal pronoun) with tell to say who is receiving the information.
Tell is only used without an indirect object in a few expressions, such as: tell
the time, tell the difference and tell the truth.
When we report a command or instruction, we usually also use the verb tell. When
we do this, we use an infinitive verb after the indirect object.
Command (in Direct Speech)
“Read the instructions carefully.”
She told Anna to read the
In reported speech
Sometimes in direct speech*
With a personal pronoun
Sue told Anna that she liked her lamp.
She told her to read the instructions carefully.
Anna told her that the broken toys wanted help.
Sue told me, “So…it’s a plastic helmet.” (wrong)
SAY means "to express something with words." When we use say, we do not focus on
who is receiving the information. So, we do not use an indirect object (personal
In direct speech
In reported speech
Without a personal pronoun
Anna said the glue was very sticky.
Sue said that she had to take a call.
She said, “Don’t start without me.”
Anna said me, “Got it.” (wrong)
When to Use
In reported speech
In direct speech
With an indirect object
*The verb Tell is sometimes used with direct speech, but this is less common
than say. However, it can be common in some types of writing, such as in news
How well do you know the grammar from Level 2? Test yourself!
In Lesson 22, you will see examples of reported speech and other grammar that
you have learned in Level 2. Look for sentences in Lesson 22 with:
Then, write those sentences in the Comments section. For example: But you said
to bring in trash (reported speech).
adv. used to stress that a statement is true
especially when it differs in some way from what might have been thought or
n. an order given to a person to do something
n. the art of decorating an object by gluing
pictures onto it
n. a form of energy that is carried through
wires and is used to operate machines, lights, etc.
n. a piece of paper that has something printed
on it, such as an advertisement
v. to direct your attention or effort at
n. things that are no longer useful or wanted
and that have been thrown out
n. substance used to stick things tightly
n. a hard hat that is worn to protect your head
n. an opening in or through something
n. a device that is used for catching or
holding things or
n. the material that is used in the form of
thin sheets for writing or printing on, wrapping things, etc.
n. a painting, drawing, or photograph of
someone or something
n. a light, strong substance that can be made
into different shapes and that is used for making many common products
n. a part at the end of an electric cord that
has two or three metal pins that connect the cord to a source of electricity
adj. covered in a substance that things stick
n. materials, supplies, or equipment
n. an object whose name is not known or stated
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Avoid Ineffective Study Methods. An audio lesson to help
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