Hi. In the classroom today you will learn about homonyms.
Homonyms are two or more words that have the same sound
and often the same spelling but differ in meaning.
For example the word BANK can be an embankment or a
BANK, a place where money is kept.
Another example would be FLOWER and FLOUR.
Other examples would be RED and READ, or LED and LEAD.
Still another example would be REED and READ.
Knowing the differences between these words is extremely
important and will be good for your English
pronunciation and writing.
Until next time.
A homonym is actually one of a group of words with the
same spelling and the same pronunciation but have
different meanings. The term "homonym" is often used to
refer to words that are either homographs or homophones
which is the case in this lesson.
Homographs (literally "same writing") are
usually defined as words with the same spelling,
regardless of how they are pronounced.
Homophones (literally "same sound") are
usually defined as words with the same
pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.
Studying homonyms, homographs, and homophones is
actually really good pronunciation practice. Very often
English language students pronounce words incorrectly
because the spelling of a particular word is the same as
another. For example in the following sentences the word
read is pronounced
She is planning to read
the entire book today. (read is pronounced as reed)
She read the entire book
yesterday. (read is pronounced as red)
In this example read is a
homograph. You can see why studying homonyms,
homographs, and homophones is very important.
This is a test of your
understanding of homonyms. For each question decide
which is the correct word to fill in the blank. There are 50 questions.
1. A ________ is a type
of tall, slender grass.
2. After lunch, she
noticed the ________ in her pants.
3. I think you ________
to get a new pair of shoes.
4. He was much ________
after taking first place in the competition.
5. A computer usually
has a model number and a ________ number.
6. I ate a ________ for
7. It is common to
________ when meeting for the first time in Japan.
8. The king talked to
his favorite ________ almost every day.
9. A ________ is the
basic unit of storage capacity in a computer system.
10. It is ________ hot
11. I had to ________
16 potatoes for the party.
12. The ________ is
located on the belly.
13. Many people go to
the ________ during the summer.
14. I often call my
friend my ________.
15. Maybe you ________
too much food last night.
16. The ________ trees
are really beautiful during the summer.
17. I usually eat
________ with butter for breakfast.
18. Please read the
story ________ to the class.
19. Recently, a
________ ring has become very fashionable.
20. She ________ the
group through the mountains.
21. The mountain
________ is about an hour away.
22. I think you need to
________ your plans since it is raining today.
23. You can ________
many birds in the park this time of year.
24. The high ________
was earlier today.
25. The mountains are
my favorite ________ to go hiking.
26. The room was
________ except for a table and four chairs.
27. She decided to eat
________ pieces of bread.
28. There has to be an
easier ________ to get there.
29. She has a ________
on her foot.
30. She ________ the
bus and had to wait 30 minutes for the next one.
31. The clothing store
has a big ________ today.
32. Many people
________ when they go to a religious service.
33. That restaurant is
famous for serving a bigger than average ________.
34. You have to
________ that garbage away with a truck.
35. There was a loud
________ from the class when they saw their exam scores.
36. The class ________
37. The sunset was an
38. She liked ________
from the beginning.
39. Usually the
________ students complain about getting too much homework.
40. That was a ________
41. She felt ________
when she closed the door on her finger.
42. They ________ about
the sale and decided to go shopping instead.
43. The ________ is
actually a star.
44. I think that was a
45. The supermarket is
located on the opposite ________ of the street.
46. There is only one
________ answer to the question.
47. Some people like an
________ seat when they go to the movies.
48. The ________ spent
all afternoon sleeping in the barn.
49. They had an
interesting ________ to tell after returning from their
50. The couple reserved
the honeymoon ________ at the hotel.
The following classroom lessons are great for
students who want additional conversation, listening,
and reading practice. Please post a comment at the
bottom of this page in the
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Conversation Lesson -
Intermediate Level. Let's
Learn English conversation lesson
with a conversation video, a video script, audio
listening practice, and a new
27 - Fish out of Water
Conversation, Listening, Reading)
In this lesson Anna visits a friend on her houseboat.
She says she wants to live on one. But, is that really a
Watch the video and then read the video script.
ANNA: Hello, Ms. Weaver!
MS. WEAVER: Oh, Anna. I’ve invited some people to dinner Saturday. We’re going
to that new seafood restaurant -- Fish on a Dish.
MS. WEAVER: Why don’t you join us? My treat.
ANNA: Thanks, Ms. Weaver. But I already have plans. My friend has invited me to
MS. WEAVER: Houseboat, really? That’s unique.
ANNA: Yes, it is. In fact, I’m thinking of living on a houseboat.
MS. WEAVER: Aren’t you too tall and klutzy to live on a houseboat?
ANNA: I am not too tall!
(She knocks over a display board.)
PROF. BOT VO: Is Anna really ready for a houseboat?
PROF. BOT: Ms. Weaver invited Anna to dinner. When we make friendly, informal
invitations, we use phrases like “Why don’t…?”
PROF. BOT: For example, Ms. Weaver said, “Why don’t you join us? My treat!”
That’s: Why don’t plus the subject plus the simple form of the verb.
PROF. BOT: Anna responded to the invitation by saying, “Thanks, but I already
have plans.” Keep watching for more examples of informal invitations!
FANNY: Anna, I’m so glad you could come!
ANNA: Hi, Fanny!
FANNY: Hi, this is my son, Phoenix.
ANNA: Hi, Phoenix.
FANNY: How about you give Anna a tour and I will make some lunch?
PHOENIX: Aye, aye, captain!
ANNA: Do you really call her “captain”?
PHOENIX: I kind of have to.
ANNA: So, Phoenix, I think I’d like to live on a houseboat. Do you like living
PHOENIX: I love it! It’s much different than living in a house.
ANNA: Oh, I bet. I bet you had to get rid of a lot of stuff, didn’t you?
PHOENIX: No way! We moved from a 3-story house to a boat! So, we really had to
ANNA: I’d have to get rid of a lot of stuff. I have a rock collection and I have
some really big rocks.
ANNA: Can you stop this boat from rocking for a minute?
PHOENIX: No. We’re floating on water. I can’t do that.
ANNA: Well, since you live on the water, aren’t you afraid of great white
PHOENIX: No, not really. They don’t live in these waters.
ANNA: … that you know of. What about killer whales?
ANNA: Electric eels?
FANNY: You know, Anna, if you’re afraid of sea life, maybe you shouldn’t live on
a houseboat. Do you have any boating experience?
ANNA: Oh, oh yeah, Fanny. I have battled the great waters before -- once on a
swan boat and once in a duck boat ... bus. It was a boat that turned into a bus.
FANNY: Yeah, I don’t think that counts.
ANNA: Fanny, does this rocking ever bother you?
FANNY: No, I love it. It goes up and down and side to side and up and down.
Anna, I love it!
(Because of the rocking, Anna begins to feel seasick.)
FANNY: Anna, are you feeling okay?
ANNA: Yeah, yeah. You know, I just need some fresh air.
FANNY: Let me open a window for you.
ANNA: No, I need some fresh land air. I mean, I need to breathe air on land. Oh,
is that the time? I should really be going.
ANNA: Thanks for lunch, Fanny, and a tour of your houseboat. It’s given me a
FANNY: You’re going to live on a houseboat?
ANNA: Sort of. Thanks again!
ANNA: Hi! How would you like to hang out on my boat? Great! See you then!
(Ms. Weaver and Anna sit in a boat on land.)
ANNA: …and this is my shark net.
MS. WEAVER: Thank you for the invitation, Anna.
ANNA: Of course, would you like more orange juice?
MS. WEAVER: Uh..
ANNA: (to young man) Ahoy!
Now practice listening to only the audio portion of the conversation.
Now, you try it!
Try making invitations! Invite someone to an event or activity. Use the language
you learned today. Write your invitations in the comments below.
For example: Why don't you come to gym with me?
In English, we make friendly, informal invitations using phrases like:
Study all 30 English intermediate conversation lessons.
Let's Learn English conversation lessons each with a
conversation video, a video script, audio listening
practice, and a new
These lessons are for
Study all 52 English beginner conversation lessons. Let's Learn
English conversation lessons each with a conversation
video, a video script, audio listening practice, video
speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new
words section, and a writing activity.
lessons are for beginning students.
Avoid Ineffective Study Methods. An audio lesson to help
you study English more effectively. The English is
spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great English study tips.
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