Columbus Day
Reading Comprehension

This is a reading comprehension lesson to test your ability to understand information written in English. Read the information below and then answer the 5 test questions.
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Holiday: Columbus Day

Many countries in the New World and elsewhere celebrate the anniversary of Christopher Columbus' arrival in the Americas, which happened on October 12, 1492, as an official holiday. The landing is celebrated as Columbus Day in the United States, as Día de la Raza in many countries in Latin America, as Discovery Day in the Bahamas, as Día de la Hispanidad and Fiesta Nacional in Spain, as Día del Respeto a la Diversidad Cultural (Day of Respect for Cultural Diversity) in Argentina, and as Día de las Américas (Day of the Americas) in Belize and Uruguay. These holidays have been celebrated unofficially since the late 18th century, and officially in various areas since the early 20th century.

Columbus Day first became an official state holiday in Colorado in 1906, and became a federal holiday in the United States in 1937, though people have celebrated Columbus' voyage since the colonial period. In 1792, New York City and other U.S. cities celebrated the 300th anniversary of his landing in the New World. President Benjamin Harrison called upon the people of the United States to celebrate Columbus Day on the 400th anniversary of the event. During the four hundredth anniversary in 1892, teachers, preachers, poets and politicians used Columbus Day rituals to teach ideals of patriotism. These patriotic rituals were framed around themes such as support for war, citizenship boundaries, the importance of loyalty to the nation, and celebrating social progress.

Many Italian-Americans observe Columbus Day as a celebration of their heritage, the first occasion being in New York City on October 12, 1866. Columbus Day was first enshrined as a legal holiday in the United States through the lobbying of Angelo Noce, a first generation Italian, in Denver. The first statewide Columbus Day holiday was proclaimed by Colorado governor Jesse F. McDonald in 1905, and it was made a statutory holiday in 1907. In April 1934, as a result of lobbying by the Knights of Columbus, Congress and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt made October 12 a federal holiday under the name Columbus Day.

Since 1970, the holiday has been fixed to the second Monday in October, coincidentally the same day as Thanksgiving in neighboring Canada (which was fixed to that date in 1959) (note that October 12, 1970, was a Monday). It is generally observed nowadays by banks, the bond market, the U.S. Postal Service, other federal agencies, most state government offices, many businesses, and most school districts. Some businesses and some stock exchanges remain open, also some states and municipalities abstain from observing the holiday.

Source: Wikipedia: Columbus Day
From YOUR Teacher: Columbus Day

This is a fun holiday for kids to study. This was the beginning of many changes for the United States of America.
Test: Reading Comprehension Columbus Day

Read the information above. In the test questions below choose which is the best answer for each question. There are 5 questions. Good luck.
1.  Columbus Day celebrates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus' arrival in which of the following?

a.  the New Hampshire
b.  the New York
c.  the United Kingdom
d.  the Americas
2.  Columbus Day first became an official state holiday in Colorado in which year?

a.  1806
b.  1876
c.  1906
d.  1926
3.  Columbus Day first became a federal holiday in which year?

a.  1927
b.  1937
c.  1947
d.  1957
4.  In 1792, New York City and other U.S. cities celebrated which anniversary of the Columbus landing in the New World?

a.  100th
b.  200th
c.  300th
d.  400th
5.  Columbus Day is the same day as Thanksgiving in which country?

a.  Canada
b.  United Kingdom
c.  Mexico
d.  Russia
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