Grammar
 
 
 
 
American English Grammar Introduction

Grammar sucks. Nobody likes to study grammar in any language especially English. Fun Easy English grammar lessons really are FUN and EASY. Many lessons have videos and tests. Hopefully these Fun Easy English grammar lessons make learning grammar a little easier.
Grammar introduction video

English grammar is very difficult but hopefully the simple definitions and examples in the Fun Easy English grammar lessons will make things easier for you.
Everyday Grammar TV new

Grammar videos from the Everyday Grammar TV program. These videos come from Voice of America, VOA, and consist of two minute videos of important English grammar topics. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great listening and reading practice and a fantastic way to learn grammar and new vocabulary.
From YOUR Teacher: About These Topics

Hi again. The following grammar topics come with a brief definition. Click the links for complete definitions of each grammar topic. Alphabetical grammar list - This is a complete list of all the Fun Easy English grammar terms listed in alphabetical order.
Parts of speech - explains how words are used in English and are grouped into eight categories including:

Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjective, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection
  • Noun - refers to a person, animal, place, thing, object, substance, state, event, feeling, or abstract idea
  • Pronoun - takes the place of a noun or a noun phrase
  • Verb - refers to an action (do, eat, talk) or a state (be, like, own)
  • Adverb - modifies the meaning of other words including: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, phrases, sentences
  • Adjective - modifies, or describes, a noun or a pronoun
  • Preposition - connects a noun, pronoun, or phrase to other words in a sentence
  • Conjunction - connects phrases, clauses, or other words
  • Interjection - used mostly in speech to show emotion, gain attention, exclaim, protest, or command
Noun - refers to a person, animal, place, thing, object, substance, state, event, feeling, or abstract idea

A noun is either countable or non-countable
A noun can be the subject of a verb, modified by an adjective, used with an article, used with a determiner
  • Abstract noun - a word used to describe intangible concepts such as: states, events, concepts, feelings, qualities, etc., that have no physical existence
  • Collective noun - a word used to name a group of people, animals, or things
  • Common noun - a word used to name a general person, animal, place, thing, or abstract idea
  • Concrete noun - a word used to describe tangible objects such as: a person, place, thing, object, or substance
  • Countable noun - a word used to describe something that can be counted
  • Non-countable noun - a word used to describe something that cannot be counted
  • Plural noun - a word used to describe two or more things
  • Possessive noun - a noun that owns, or is closely related to, something else
  • Proper noun - a word used to name a specific person, animal, place, or thing
  • Singular noun - a word used to describe one thing
Pronoun - takes the place of a noun or a noun phrase

A pronoun can be divided into the following types:

Demonstrative, Indefinite, Intensive, Interrogative, Personal objective, Personal possessive, Personal subjective, Reciprocal, Relative, Reflexive
Verb - refers to an action (do, eat, talk) or a state (be, like, own)

A verb must be included in a complete sentence
A verb is the main element of the predicate of a sentence
Adverb - modifies the meaning of other words including: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, phrases, sentences

An adverb can be divided into the following types:

Conjunctive, Degree, Location, Manner, Time
Adjective - modifies, or describes, a noun or a pronoun

An adjective describes the quality, state, or action that a noun refers to
Preposition - connects a noun, pronoun, or phrase to other words in a sentence

A preposition can indicate direction, location, or time
Conjunction - connects phrases, clauses, or other words

A conjunction can be divided into the following types:

Coordinate, Correlative, Subordinate
Interjection - used mostly in speech to show emotion, gain attention, exclaim, protest, or command

An interjection is not grammatically related to any other part of a sentence
Sentence - contains a subject and a predicate

In a sentence:
The subject tells who or what the sentence is about
The predicate gives information about the subject
The predicate of a sentence always includes a verb
  • Simple sentence - the most basic type of sentence which contains only one independent clause
  • Compound sentence - has two or more independent clauses or simple sentences which are connected using coordinate conjunctions
  • Complex sentence - has one independent clause and at least one dependent clause but differs from a compound sentence in that the clauses are not equal
  • Compound - complex sentence - composed of a simple sentence and a complex sentence or two complex sentences
  • Declarative sentence - used most often in spoken and written English and is used to state facts or an argument
  • Exclamatory sentence - the same as a declarative sentence except that it adds emphasis and usually ends with an exclamation mark
  • Imperative sentence - used to give a direct command to someone and can end with a period or an exclamation mark depending on the degree of the command
  • Interrogative sentence - used to ask a direct question and always ends with a question mark
  • Loose sentence - a long sentence that has the main point at the beginning and typically used by English speakers
  • Periodic sentence - a long sentence that has the main point at the end and although not typically used, this type of sentence can be dramatic or even persuasive
Punctuation - used to indicate the structure and organization of writing, as well as intonation and pauses to be observed when reading it aloud

Punctuation is everything in written language besides the actual letters or numbers
  • Apostrophe - ' or used to indicate omitted letters such as abbreviations and contractions and to indicate possession
  • Brackets - ( ) or [ ] or < > or { } used in pairs to set apart or interject text within a written text
  • Colon - : used to introduce lists and to connect a broad idea with a specific example
  • Comma - , used to separate elements in a sentence, introductory clause, words in a series, parenthetical phrase, or interjection and to separate items in lists, and to present large numbers in a more readable form
  • Dash - en dash , em dash , and quotation dash used as a "strong" separator where a comma is not enough
  • Exclamation mark - ! indicates the end of a sentence that is either an actual exclamation, or is intended to be astonishing in some way
  • Hyphen - - used both to join words and to separate syllables
  • Period - . commonly placed at the end of several different types of sentences
  • Question mark - ? like a period but is used in interrogative sentences
  • Quotation marks - ' ' or ‘ ’ or " " or “ ” used to set off speech, a quotation, or a phrase
  • Semicolon - ; used to join two sentences more closely than they would be joined if separated by a period
  • Slash - / used to replace the hyphen to make clear a strong joint between words or phrases
Grammar introduction comedy video
 
Additional Lessons
From YOUR Teacher: About These Lessons

Hi again. The following grammar lessons are great for students who want additional study of English grammar. Please post a comment at the bottom of this page in the Facebook Comments window with your thoughts about these lessons. Thanks.
Key to Lessons
§ - includes a written script of the lesson
² - includes an audio version of the lesson
¹ - includes a related video
 
Grammar Lessons
§²¹ Academic Writing: Common Patterns, Part One * *
§² Academic Writing: Common Patterns, Part Two * *
§² Advanced Conditionals *
§² Adventures with Adverbials: Part One *
§² Adventures with Adverbials: Part Two *
§² Adverb and Adjective Choices in Conversation *
§² Am I Being Watched? The Continuous Passive Form *
§² An Introduction to Verb Tenses *
§²¹ Are Causatives Making You Crazy? *
§² Are You Afraid of Adjectives and Prepositions? *
§² Are You Crazy About English? *
§²¹ Are You How You Talk? *
§² Are You Hungry for Food Phrasals? Part 1 *
§²¹ Are You In, On or At? *
§²¹ Are You Progressing with Progressive Tenses? *
§² Beating Problems with Adverbs *
§² Before Fearing Adverb Phrases, Read This *
§² Can You Catch These Native Speaker Mistakes? *
§² Can You Find the Clauses? *
§² Changing Prepositions With 'Provide' *
§² Cheer Up! Phrasal Verbs and Emotions *
§² Common Adverbs in Conversation: Amplifiers and Downtoners *
§²¹ Commonly Confused Words: Part One *
§²¹ Commonly Confused Words Part Two *
§ Commonly Confused Words Part 3: Homophones *
§² Commonly Used Nouns *
§² Common Sentence Patterns: Part Three *
§² Common Sentence Patterns: Part Four *
§² Common Transition Words * *
§² Common Ways to Express Purpose *
§² Comparatives and Superlatives *
§² Compound Nouns: Putting Words Together *
§² Contronyms Are 'Literally' The Best * *
§² Cooking with Phrasal Verbs *
§²¹ Could Have, Would Have, and Should Have *
§² Demonstrating How to Use Demonstratives *
§² Different Meanings of 'Have' in Everyday Speech *
§² Different Meanings of 'Make' in Everyday Speech *
§² Disagreements in Everyday Conversation * *
§² Disagreements in Everyday Conversation, Part Two * *
§² Do/Does You Understand Subject-Verb Agreement? *
§² Don't Be Afraid of Contractions! *
§² Do You Know What an Indirect Question Is? * *
§² Do You See What I See? *
§² Expletives Are Not Always Bad Words * *
§² Forming Questions, Part 1: Subject Questions * *
§² Forming Questions, Part 2: Yes or No Questions * *
§²¹ For or Since: What Is the Difference? *
§² Four Adverbs: Just, Already, Still, Yet *
§²¹ Fun with Future Tenses *
§²¹ Gerunds and Infinitives
§² Getting to Know the Verb 'Get'
§² Giving and Receiving Compliments
§² Good and Nice: Common Adjectives with Many Uses
§²¹ Grab Onto Phrasal Verbs
§² Grammar and Christmas
§² Grammar and Presidential Elections: Part One
§² Grammar and US Presidential Elections: Part Two
§² Have You Perfected the Perfect Tenses?
§² How Much Do You Know About Quantifiers?
§² How to Ask for Clarification
§² How to Express Your Opinion in English
§² How to Interrupt Someone in a Nice Way
§² How to Make a Complaint in English
§² How to Order at an American Restaurant
§² How To Talk About Preferences
§² Identify With Relative Pronouns
§²¹ 'If You Learn Conditionals, You'll Be Glad'
§² Imprecise Noun Phrases in Conversation
§² Improve Your Writing With Contrast and Concession
§² Improve Your Writing with Inversion, Part One
§ Improve Your Writing with Inversion, Part Two
§² Improving Your Grammar and Pronunciation
§² Infinitives in Everyday Speech
§² Introducing Conditionals
§² James Bond Can Teach You About English Grammar
§² Just in Case You Don't Use 'If'...
§² Learning Participial Phrases with Famous Songs
§² Learning Passive Modals: It Can Be Done!
§² Make Your Writing Smoother with Transitions
§² Making and Responding to Suggestions
§² Mastering Reported Speech
§²¹ May, Might, and Must
§² Mmm, That's Good! Using Interjections
§² Modals for Asking Permission
§² Noun Clauses in Everyday Speech
§² Old Grammar Rules You Can Break
§²¹ Our Top 10 Separable Phrasal Verbs
§² Phrasal Verbs with 'Take'
§² Popular Culture and Academic Writing
§²¹ Pow! Whizz! What Are Onomatopoeia?
§²¹ Problems with Pronouns and Gender
§²¹ 'Providing' More Assistance With Prepositions
§² Reported Speech and the 'Historic Present' Tense
§² Sentence Relatives: Showing Feeling, Interpreting Information
§² Short Sentences in Books, Movies, and Speech
§²¹ Simple Past and Present Perfect
§²¹ Six Differences Between British and American English
§² Starting Sentences With Conjunctions
§² Studying Sentence Patterns to Improve Your Writing: Part One
§² Studying Sentence Patterns to Improve Your Writing: Part Two
§²¹ Tag Questions Are Easy, Aren’t They?
§² Take a Break with Commas
§² The Different Meanings of 'Take'
§² The Excitement of Three-Part Phrasal Verbs
§² The Exciting World of Participial Adjectives
§² The Many Reasons for the Word 'The'
§² The Many Uses of ‘Would’ in Everyday Speech, Part 1
§² The Many Ways to Say 'Okay'
§² The Music of Movable Phrases
§² The Mysterious Word ‘Whose’
§² The Mystery of the Disappearing "That"
§² The Perfect Progressive Tenses
§² The Power of Parallelism
§² The Road Signs of English
§²¹ The 'Should' vs. 'Shall' Debate
§²¹ The Sounds of Grammar with Betty Azar
§²¹ The Story of the Double Negative
§² The Verbs Let, Allow and Permit
§² The Word 'That' in Everyday American English
§² Thinking About Using -ing Words?
§²¹ Thirty Phrasal Verbs to Help You With Technology
§² Three Grammar Rules That Are Dying
§² Three Reasons to Learn Relative Adverbs
§² Understanding Adverbs: Always
§² Understanding Noncount Nouns
§²¹ Unusual Plurals
§² Use -Ever Words Whenever You Like
§² Use Fewer Words but Say More
§² Using Discourse Markers in American English
§²¹ Using the Right Article
§² Verbs and Gerunds in Speech and Fiction Writing
§² Verbs and Infinitives in Everyday Speech
§ We Suggest That You Learn the Subjunctive
§² What Can Thanksgiving Teach You About English Grammar?
§² What Do You Know About "You Know?"
§² What’s the Difference? ‘So’ and ‘So That’
§² When Nouns Act Like Adjectives
§² When Passive Is Better than Active
§² When You See an Adverb Clause, You"ll Know
§² Where Did You Learn English? Forming Questions, Part 3
§²¹ Which Pronoun is Correct: I or Me?
§²¹ Who Makes Grammar Rules?
§² Why Americans Use Euphemisms
§² Wish You Knew Better Grammar?
§²¹ Words Come and Go in Adaptable English
§² Words to Travel With, Part 1
§² Words to Travel With, Part 2: Airports
§² Would You Like to Know More About 'Would'?
§² Would You Like to Learn About Modal Auxiliaries?
§² You Can Use the Simple Past Tense to Make Polite Offers
§²¹ You Really Should Learn Modals!
* Audio lesson is found on selected grammar pages.
* Lesson is not found on the individual grammar pages.
* * Lesson is listed in the study section.
 
Grammar Tips
Can You Catch These Native Speaker Mistakes?
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of common mistakes. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Commonly Confused Words: Part One
(Beginner - Listening, reading)

A video lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Click here to visit the lesson page.
Commonly Confused Words: Part One
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Commonly Confused Words: Part Two
(Beginner - Listening, reading)

A video lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Click here to visit the lesson page.
Commonly Confused Words: Part Two
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Cool Stuff
Online Reference
Dictionary, Encyclopedia & more
Word:
by:
Confused?

Found a word you do not know?
1. Type the word
2. Click Look it up
Top Hits

Listen to American music while you study.
1. Click The ► button
2. Enjoy some great music
       
  Resources

These links contain many English learning resources. Some are for students, some are for teachers. If you find information not on Fun Easy English, please post a comment below, and I will make every effort to add it to the site. Thanks.
 
 
 
 
 
Site Links Site Content Contact My Other Sites
About
Site Map
Copyright
Classroom
Activities
Idioms
Alphabet
Surveys
About America
Pronunciation
Conversation
Slang
Alphabet Kids
Tests
Citizen America
Reductions
Videos
Vocabulary
Environment
Acronyms
Drive America
Grammar
Reading
Listening
Study
Portmanteau
Travel America
Email
Facebook
Twitter
Google
Howie Hayman
English Global Group
San Diego California Events
Tanegashima Japan
Japanese Language Culture Food
Akikos Kitchen
Shai Hayman