Sentence
 
 
 
 
Sentence

In this lesson you will learn the definition of a sentence, learn the types of sentences, and take a test.
Sentence Definition
Sentence Types
  • simple sentence
  • the most basic type of sentence which contains only one independent clause
  • compound sentence
  • has two or more independent clauses or simple sentences which are connected using coordinate conjunctions
  • complex sentence
  • has one independent clause and at least one dependent clause but differs from a compound sentence in that the clauses are not equal
  • compound - complex sentence
  • composed of a simple sentence and a complex sentence or two complex sentences
  • declarative sentence
  • used most often in spoken and written English and is used to state facts or an argument
  • exclamatory sentence
  • the same as a declarative sentence except that it adds emphasis and usually ends with an exclamation mark
  • imperative sentence
  • used to give a direct command to someone and can end with a period or an exclamation mark depending on the degree of the command
  • interrogative sentence
  • used to ask a direct question and always ends with a question mark
  • loose sentence
  • a long sentence that has the main point at the beginning and typically used by English speakers
  • periodic sentence
  • a long sentence that has the main point at the end and although not typically used, this type of sentence can be dramatic or even persuasive
Sentences Test

Study the types of sentences listed above. For each test question, you need to choose the correct type of sentence. Click the links to learn more about each type of sentence.
1.  Rie eats breakfast and she goes to work.

     a.  simple sentence
     b.  compound sentence
     c.  complex sentence
     d.  compound-complex sentence
2.  Are you studying for the final exam?

     a.  declarative sentence
     b.  exclamatory sentence
     c.  imperative sentence
     d.  interrogative sentence
3.  I would be willing to pay more tuition at this college, if the class sizes were smaller, the teachers were better, and the degree was nationally recognized.

     a.  imperative sentence
     b.  interrogative sentence
     c.  loose sentence
     d.  periodic sentence
4.  Osaka is in the Kansai area of Japan.

     a.  declarative sentence
     b.  exclamatory sentence
     c.  imperative sentence
     d.  interrogative sentence
5.  While Mio reads a book, she listens to the radio.

     a.  simple sentence
     b.  compound sentence
     c.  complex sentence
     d.  compound-complex sentence
6.  Be quiet!

     a.  declarative sentence
     b.  exclamatory sentence
     c.  imperative sentence
     d.  interrogative sentence
7.  She listens to the radio.

     a.  simple sentence
     b.  compound sentence
     c.  complex sentence
     d.  compound-complex sentence
8.  If the class sizes were smaller, the teachers were better, and the degree was nationally recognized, I would be willing to pay more tuition at this college.

     a.  imperative sentence
     b.  interrogative sentence
     c.  loose sentence
     d.  periodic sentence
9.  This food tastes great!

     a.  declarative sentence
     b.  exclamatory sentence
     c.  imperative sentence
     d.  interrogative sentence
10.  After Ayumi eats breakfast, she goes to work or she goes shopping.

     a.  simple sentence
     b.  compound sentence
     c.  complex sentence
     d.  compound-complex sentence
More Tests
 
Grammar Tips
Can You Catch These Native Speaker Mistakes?
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of common mistakes. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Commonly Confused Words: Part One
(Beginner - Listening, reading)

A video lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Click here to visit the lesson page.
Commonly Confused Words: Part One
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Commonly Confused Words: Part Two
(Beginner - Listening, reading)

A video lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Click here to visit the lesson page.
Commonly Confused Words: Part Two
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Cool Stuff
Online Reference
Dictionary, Encyclopedia & more
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by:
Confused?

Found a word you do not know?
1. Type the word
2. Click Look it up
Top Hits

Listen to American music while you study.
1. Click The ► button
2. Enjoy some great music
       
  Resources

These links contain many English learning resources. Some are for students, some are for teachers. If you find information not on Fun Easy English, please post a comment below, and I will make every effort to add it to the site. Thanks.
 
 
 
 
 
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