Formal Sciences Natural Sciences Social Sciences Humanities Sustainability
Home Learning
 
Home Learning

Welcome to the Home Learning pages. Learn Mathematics, Science, Economics, Philosophy, and much more in simple English. Fantastic for kids being home educated and for international students who are learning English for a specific purpose.
Message to visitors from Fun Easy English

Thanks for visiting my Home Learning pages. Hopefully you can find a topic you like. The English is a little difficult but still easier than a standard Wikipedia page. If you have questions, please post them at the bottom of any page.
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Us hanging out at Hamada Beach on Tanegashima Island, Japan.
Message to visitors who are Home Learning

Hi there. Thanks for checking out my Home Learning pages. I am using these pages to provide home learning materials for our three boys. This is an ongoing project with new topics for learning being added all the time....well actually only on rainy days now that farming season has arrived. Enjoy Home Learning and please direct your thoughts, suggestions, constructive criticism, or simply say hi, using the Facebook commenting section at the bottom of any page. Thanks again for checking this out.

Please read the About Page - my thoughts and how to use the Home Learning pages

Additional Note - This outline is designed in general for all visitors but specifically for our kids and their interests. For example, they love Lego, therefore, there is a Lego page. We are on a small island that gets earthquakes and really crazy weather, therefore, the geology and meteorology pages are loaded with information. Our kids are half Japanese and, as you might have guessed, more emphasis is placed on Japanese as this is their second language.
 
  • About the Outline
  • All colored links are clickable and go to topic pages
  • All text in light gray print are brief explanations of each topic
  • All text in gray italicized print are suggestions or future additions to the outline
  •         Subtopics indented to the right >>>> go to the next level of the previous topic
Formal Sciences
 
  • Mathematics - study of numbers, shapes, and patterns
  • Arithmetic - basic study of numbers
  • Addition - combining two or more numbers
  • Subtraction - finding the difference between two numbers
  • Multiplication - finding the product of two or more quantities
  • Division - calculating the number of times one number is contained within another
  • Numbers - concept from mathematics, used to count or measure
  • Algebra - uses variables to represent a value that is not yet known
  • Geometry - studies the size, shapes, and positions of things
  • Trigonometry - deals with angles, triangles, and trigonometric functions
  • Calculus - understand changes between values that are related by a function
  • Measurement - puts the amount of things into numbers
  • Time - never ending continued progress of existence and events
  • Units of Measurement - uses numbers to describe things based on what we can observe about them
  • Metric System - measurement system most widely used around the world
  • United States Customary Units - measurement system used in the United States
  • Logic - page from Philosophy in the Humanities section
  • Statistics - collection, analysis, understanding, and presentation of data
  • Computer Science - how to manipulate, manage, transform, and encode information
  • Systems Science - studies the nature of systems
Natural Sciences
 
  • Astronomy - study of everything outside the atmosphere of Earth
  • Concepts - studies the universe beyond Earth
  • Universe - all of time and space and its contents
  • Black Holes - regions of space from which nothing can escape
  • Creation Theories - ways the universe possibly began
  • Destruction Theories - ways the universe might possibly end
  • Galaxies - groups of many stars, along with gas, dust, and dark matter
  • Andromeda
  • Milky Way - our home galaxy which contains over 200 billion stars
  • Solar System - the Sun and all the objects that orbit around it
  • Sun - the star at the center of our solar system
  • Planets - large objects that orbit a star
  • Mercury - closest planet to the sun and the smallest
  • Venus - second planet from the sun with a dense atmosphere
  • Earth - third planet from the Sun and our home
  • Moon - the only natural satellite orbiting the Earth
  • Mars - fourth planet from the Sun and the second smallest
  • Jupiter - fifth planet from the Sun and the largest
  • Saturn - sixth planet from the Sun and the second largest
  • Uranus - seventh planet from the Sun and the third largest
  • Neptune - eighth and last planet from the Sun
  • Asteroids - space rocks
  • Comets - small collections of rock, dust, water, ice, and frozen gases moving through space
  • Nebulae - interstellar clouds of dust, hydrogen, helium, and other ionized gases
  • Stars - huge balls of plasma held together by gravity
  • Biology - study of life and living organisms
  • Fields - areas of study within biology
  • Anatomy - study of the structure of organisms and their parts
  • Botany - study of plant life
  • Cell Biology - study of the structure and function of cells
  • Conservation - study of the protection of nature and of Earth's biodiversity
  • Ecology - study of the biota, the environment, and their interactions
  • Evolution - scientific theory of how living things change over time
  • Genetics - science of heredity
  • Marine Biology - study of any living plant or animal in the sea
  • Medicine - study of illnesses in humans and animals
  • Physiology - study of functions and mechanisms in a living system
  • Taxonomy - laws and principles of classifying things
  • Virology - study of viruses
  • Pandemic - an epidemic of an infectious disease that has spread across a large region
  • Coronavirus Pandemic - an ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  • Covid-19 Pandemic - a current pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  • Quarantine - a restriction on the movement of people, animals, and goods
  • Isolation - measures that can be taken to implement infection control
  • Misinformation - conspiracy theories and incorrect information about coronavirus
  • Social Distancing - control actions intended to decrease the spread of a contagious disease
  • Face Masks - a face covering used to cover the mouth and nose
  • N95 - a particulate filtering face respirator
  • Surgical - a mask worn by health professionals
  • Testing - used to find out if an individual has been infected with COVID-19
  • Virus - a microscopic parasite that can infect living organisms
  • Coronavirus - a group of related RNA viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds
  • Covid-19 - an infectious disease caused by SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)
  • Zoology - study of animal life
  • Entomology - study of insects
  • Herpetology - study of amphibians and reptiles
  • Ornithology - study of birds
  • Chemistry - study of chemical elements and compounds
  • Concepts - study of atomic matter, properties, structure, composition, behavior, changes, and chemical reactions
  • Bonding - lasting attraction between atoms, ions, or molecules
  • Chemical Elements - a substance that contains only one type of atom
  • Periodic Table - a list of known chemical elements
  • Chemical Laws - laws of nature relevant to chemistry
  • Energy - quantitative property transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object
  • Equilibrium - no further tendency to change with time
  • Ions - an electrically charged atom or group of atoms
  • Matter - the substance of which all material is made
  • PH - a scale from 0 to 14 telling the acidity or alkalinity of a substance
  • Phase - a change in the states of matter
  • Reaction - a process that leads to the chemical transformation of one set of chemical substances to another
  • Redox - a type of chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed
  • Earth Sciences - studies related to the planet Earth
  • Climatology - study of weather conditions averaged over a period of time
  • Climate Change - difference in the Earth's global climate or in regional climates over time
  • Global Warming - the temperature of Earth's surface, oceans, and atmosphere increasing over time
  • Greenhouse Effect
  • Drought - a continuous period of dry weather when an area gets less than its normal amount of precipitation
  • Monsoon - a seasonal wind which lasts for several months typically bringing heavy precipitation
  • Geochemistry - uses the tools and principles of chemistry to explain the mechanisms behind major geological systems
  • Geography - study of the Earth and its features, its inhabitants, and its phenomena
  • Continents - several very large landmasses on Earth
  • Africa - second largest continent
  • Antarctica - southernmost continent
  • Asia - largest and most populous continent
  • Australia - smallest continent
  • Europe - the second smallest continent
  • North America - a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and mostly within the Western Hemisphere
  • South America - a continent entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly within the Southern Hemisphere
  • Countries - a territory with distinct political boundaries
  • Cities - a large human settlement
  • Land - the solid surface of the Earth that is not permanently covered by water
  • Mountains - an elevated portion of the Earth's crust
  • Deserts - an arid biome
  • Rainforests - a forest that receives heavy rainfall
  • Reefs - a bar of rock, sand, coral, or similar material, lying beneath the surface of water (listed in the land section since it is made of solid material)
  • Water - a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and almost colorless chemical substance
  • Oceans - a large area of salt water between continents
  • Seas - a large area of salt water which is part of an ocean, or a large, usually salt water, closed lake
  • Lakes - a large body of water within a body of land
  • Rivers - a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake, or another river
  • Canals - waterways, channels, or artificial waterways, for water conveyance, or to service water transport vehicles
  • Geology - concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time
  • Historical Geology - uses the principles and techniques of geology to work out the geological history of the Earth
  • Geologic Time Scale - a system of chronological dating that classifies geological strata in time
  • Hadean Eon - Earth 4600 - 4000 mya (mya = million years ago)
  • Archean Eon - Earth 4000 - 2500 mya
  • Proterozoic Eon - Earth 2500 - 541 mya
  • Phanerozoic Eon - Earth 541 mya - present
  • Paleozoic Era - Earth 541 - 251.9 mya
  • Cambrian Period
  • Ordovician Period
  • Silurian Period
  • Devonian Period
  • Carboniferous Period
  • Permian Period
  • Mesozoic Era - Earth 251.9 - 66 mya
  • Triassic Period - Earth 251.9 - 201.3 mya
  • Early (Lower) Epoch
  • Middle Epoch
  • Late (Upper) Epoch
  • Jurassic Period - Earth 201.3 - 145 mya
  • Early (Lower) Epoch
  • Middle Epoch
  • Late (Upper) Epoch
  • Cretaceous Period - Earth 145 - 66 mya
  • Early (Lower) Epoch
  • Late (Upper) Epoch
  • Cenozoic Era - Earth 66 mya - present
  • Paleogene Period - Earth 66 - 23 mya
  • Neogene Period - Earth 23 - 2.6 mya
  • Quaternary Period - Earth 2.6 mya - present
  • Pleistocene Epoch - Earth 2.6 mya - 11,700 years ago
  • Holocene Epoch - Earth 11,700 years ago - present
  • Mineralogy - the study of minerals
  • Minerals - a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined chemical composition and a specific crystal structure, that occurs naturally in pure form
  • Paleontology - the scientific study of life that existed before, and sometimes during, the start of the Holocene Epoch
  • Dinosaurs - a varied group of Archosaur reptiles
  • Fossils - the remains or traces of ancient living things
  • Petrology - study of rocks and the conditions under which they form
  • Rocks - solid materials made up of one or more minerals
  • Igneous - rocks formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava
  • Sedimentary - rocks formed by the accumulation or deposition of mineral or organic particles at the Earth's surface, followed by cementation
  • Metamorphic - rocks formed from the transformation of existing rocks to new types of rocks
  • Seismology - study of earthquakes and the propagation of elastic waves through the Earth
  • Earthquakes - shaking of the surface of earth, caused by sudden movement in the Earth's crust
  • Seismometers - an instrument that detects ground motions, such as those caused by earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and explosions
  • Volcanology - study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical, and geochemical phenomena
  • Geophysics - study of the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment
  • Glaciology - study of glaciers, or more generally, ice and natural phenomena that involve ice
  • Hydrology - study of the movement, distribution, and management of water on Earth
  • Meteorology - study of the processes and phenomena of the atmosphere
  • Atmosphere - the layer of gases retained by Earth's gravity
  • Air Pressure - molecules that make up the various layers in the atmosphere are constantly moving in random directions and exert a force
  • The Transfer of Heat Energy - energy from the sun is transferred through space and through the earth's atmosphere to the earth's surface
  • Energy Balance - the balance between incoming energy from the Sun and outgoing energy from the Earth
  • Hydrologic Cycle - the continuous circulation of water in the Earth-Atmosphere system
  • Exosphere - the uppermost layer of the atmosphere
  • Thermosphere - the fourth layer of the atmosphere
  • Mesosphere - the third layer of the atmosphere
  • Stratosphere - the second layer of the atmosphere
  • Troposphere - the lowest layer of the atmosphere and where nearly all weather takes place
  • Weather - the state of the atmosphere, describing the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy
  • Clouds - an aerosol consisting of a visible mass of minute liquid droplets, frozen crystals, or other particles suspended in the atmosphere
  • The Core Four
  • The Basic Ten
  • Cloud Chart
  • The Color of Clouds
  • Precipitation - any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor from clouds that falls under gravity
  • Hail - a form of solid precipitation
  • Ice Pellets - a form of solid precipitation consisting of small, translucent balls of ice
  • Rain - liquid water in the form of droplets condensed from atmospheric water vapor which become heavy enough to fall under gravity
  • Snow - ice which forms when water in the atmosphere becomes frozen
  • Storms - any disturbed state of an environment or in an atmosphere, especially affecting its surface, and strongly implying severe weather
  • Thunderstorms - a storm characterized by the presence of lightning and thunder
  • Lightning - a naturally occurring electrostatic discharge
  • Thunder - the sound caused by lightning
  • Tornados - a violently rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud
  • Fujita Scale - a scale for rating tornado intensity, based primarily on the damage tornadoes inflict on human built structures and vegetation
  • Tropical Cyclones - a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low pressure center, a closed low level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms
  • Saffir Simpson Scale - classifies hurricanes into five categories distinguished by the intensities of their sustained winds
  • Wind - the flow of gases on a large scale
  • Beaufort Scale - an empirical measure that relates wind speed to observed conditions at sea or on land
  • Zones
  • Oceanography - study of the physical and biological aspects of the ocean
  • Physics - study of matter, its motion and behavior through space and time, and the related entities of energy and force
Social Sciences
 
  • Anthropology - study of human beings
  • Archaeology - study of the past by looking for remains and artifacts
  • Civilizations - an advanced human stage of organization
  • Economics - studies what affects the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services in an economy
  • Education - deals with teaching, learning, and knowledge
  • History - study of past events
  • Prehistory
  • Stone Age
  • Lower Paleolithic
  • Middle Paleolithic
  • Upper Paleolithic
  • Neolithic
  • Protohistory
  • Bronze Age
  • Iron Age
  • Recorded history
  • Ancient history
  • Post-classical history
  • Modern history
  • Human Geography - deals with humans and their relationships
  • Law - set of rules that people are made to follow
  • Linguistics - the study of languages
  • Languages - the way humans communicate
  • Arabic - a Semitic language, in the same family as Hebrew and Aramaic
  • Bengali - Indo-Aryan language from South Asia
  • Chinese - a group of language varieties that form the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan languages
  • English - a West Germanic language
  • Alphabet - a Latin alphabet consisting of 26 letters
  • Handwriting - writing done with a writing instrument
  • Manuscript - style of writing Latin script in which the letters are individual glyphs, with no joining
  • Cursive - any style of penmanship in which some characters are written joined together
  • Grammar - rules about how to speak and write in a language
  • Parts of Speech - types of words in grammar
  • Nouns - words that are usually the name of something
  • Pronouns - words used to take the place of a noun
  • Verbs - words that tell about an action or a state
  • Adverbs - words used to tell more about a verb
  • Adjectives - words that describe nouns or pronouns
  • Prepositions - words which link nouns, pronouns, and phrases to other words in a sentence
  • Conjunctions - words which join phrases, clauses, and sentences
  • Interjections - words or expressions that occur as utterances on their own which express spontaneous feelings or reactions
  • French - a Romance language
  • German - a West Germanic language
  • Hebrew - a Semitic language
  • Hindi - an Indo-Aryan language
  • Japanese - an agglutinating language
  • Writing - uses a combination of kanji and syllabic kana
  • Romaji - use of Latin script to write the Japanese language
  • Hiragana - part of the Japanese writing system
  • Katakana - Japanese script used for writing words borrowed from other languages
  • Kanji - Chinese characters used in Japanese writing
  • Korean - spoken mainly in North and South Korea
  • Portuguese - a Romance language
  • Russian - a Slavic language
  • Spanish - a Romance language
  • Vietnamese - a tonal language
  • Political Science - deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, associated constitutions, and political behavior
  • Psychology - study of the mind, thought, feeling, and behavior
  • Sociology - study of societies and how humans act in groups
  • Communication Studies - deals with processes of human communication and behavior, patterns of communication in interpersonal relationships, social interactions, and communication in different cultures
  • Media Studies - deals with mass media and its history and effects
  • News - information about current events
  • Bias - when a person prefers an idea and does not give equal weight to a different idea
  • Confirmation Bias - the tendency to search for, interpret, favor, and recall information in a way that confirms or supports one's beliefs or values
  • Conspiracy Theory - an explanation for an event or situation that invokes a plan by sinister and powerful groups, often political in motivation, when other explanations are more probable
  • Fake News - false or misleading information presented as news
Humanities
 
  • Arts - includes visual, literary, and performing
  • Art - creative activity by people
  • Architecture - design of structures or buildings
  • Film - type of visual communication
  • Music - form of entertainment that puts sounds together
  • Composition - can refer to an original piece or work of music, either vocal or instrumental, the structure of a musical piece, or to the process of creating or writing a new piece of music
  • Elements - aspects, characteristics, and features
  • History - the development of music over time
  • Improvisation - creative activity of immediate musical composition
  • Notation - any system used to visually represent aurally perceived music
  • Musical Symbols - used in musical notation to indicate various aspects of how a piece of music is to be performed
  • Theory - study of the practices and possibilities of music
  • Radio - sending electromagnetic signals over a long distance
  • Television - receiving broadcasting signals and changing them into pictures and sound
  • Literature - works of art made up of words
  • Philosophy - a way of thinking about the world, the universe, and society
  • Aesthetics - study of art and beauty
  • Epistemology - philosophy of knowledge
  • Ethics - deals with good and evil
  • Logic - science of reasoning
  • Metaphysics - deals with existence and the nature of things that exist
  • Recreation - time of refreshing the body and mind
  • Games - something that people often do for fun
  • Backgammon - game played by two players
  • Chess - board game for two players
  • Monopoly - board game played by two to eight players
  • Scrabble - game that is played by 2, 3, or 4 people
  • Sports - an athletic activity that may involve a degree of competition
  • Toys - something to play with
  • Lego - a type of building toy
  • Religion - a set of beliefs
  • Beliefs - attitudes towards mythological, supernatural, or spiritual aspects of a religion
  • God - according to certain philosophies, religions and mythologies, God is the creator of the Earth and of everything else
  • Reincarnation - the idea that people are born again in another body after they die
  • Religions - a system of designated behaviors and practices, morals, worldviews, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, and organizations
  • Ancient Greek
  • Mythology
  • Deities
  • Titans
  • Olympians
  • Buddhism - originated in India, based on the teachings, of Siddhartha Gautama, who was later known as Gautama Buddha
  • Christianity - largest world religion by number of adherents
  • Hinduism - a religion and also a way of life
  • Islam - an Abrahamic monotheistic religion
  • Judaism - the world's oldest Abrahamic religion
  • Shinto - a form of Japanese animism
  • Technology - skills, methods, and processes used to achieve goals
Sustainability
 
  • Agriculture - growing crops or keeping animals
  • Recycling - converting waste materials into new materials