Tense
 
 
 
 
Tense

In this lesson you will learn the definition of tense and take a test.
Tense Definition
  • Tense shows the time of the action, event, or condition and includes the following:
  • past tense - the action, event, or condition occurred before the present and includes the following:
  • simple past
  • past perfect
  • past progressive
  • past perfect progressive
  • present tense - the action, event or condition occurred or is occurring now and includes the following:
  • simple present
  • present perfect
  • present progressive
  • present perfect progressive
  • future tense - the action, event, or condition will occur after the present and includes the following: 
  • simple future
  • future perfect
  • future progressive
  • future perfect progressive
  • Tense is closely related to aspect
  • The table below shows the relationship between tense and aspect
 
tense & aspect aspect
simple perfect progressive perfect progressive
tense past simple
past
past
perfect
past
progressive
past
perfect
progressive
present simple
present
present
perfect
present
progressive
present
perfect
progressive
future simple
future
future
perfect
future
progressive
future
perfect
progressive
Tense Test

It is very important to use the correct verb tense and aspect. In the following test, choose the correct sentences.
1.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  John was knowing the answer, so he raised his hand.
     b.  John knew the answer, so he raised his hand.
2.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  My friend had already been cooking dinner when I arrived.
     b.  My friend had already cooked dinner when I arrived.
3.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  Did you find your car keys?
     b.  Did you found your car keys?
4.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  Last year, I traveled to New York.
     b.  Last year, I have traveled to New York.
5.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  John and Joan have been going to the park three times this week.
     b.  John and Joan have gone to the park three times this week.
6.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  John is have a new car.
     b.  John has a new car.
7.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  The teacher comes to the class on time.
     b.  The teacher is came to the class on time.
8.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  John has known Joan for many years.
     b.  John has been knowing Joan for many years.
9.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  It rains outside. We should close the windows.
     b.  It is raining outside. We should close the windows.
10.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  I have read that book several times.
     b.  I have been reading that book several times.
More Tests
 
Additional Information
An Introduction to Verb Tenses
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of verb tenses. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Are You Progressing with Progressive Tenses?
(Beginner - Listening, reading)

A video lesson to help with your understanding of tenses.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Click here to visit the lesson page.
Are You Progressing with Progressive Tenses?
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of tenses. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Fun with Future Tenses
(Beginner - Listening, reading)

A video lesson to help with your understanding of future tenses.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Click here to visit the lesson page.
Fun with Future Tenses
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of future tenses. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Grammar Tips
Can You Catch These Native Speaker Mistakes?
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of common mistakes. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Commonly Confused Words: Part One
(Beginner - Listening, reading)

A video lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Click here to visit the lesson page.
Commonly Confused Words: Part One
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Commonly Confused Words: Part Two
(Beginner - Listening, reading)

A video lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Click here to visit the lesson page.
Commonly Confused Words: Part Two
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
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