Aspect
 
 
 
 
Aspect

In this lesson you will learn the definition of aspect and take a test.
Aspect Definition
  • Aspect shows if the action, event or condition is complete or not and includes the following:
  • simple aspect - the action, event, or condition is incomplete (indefinite) and includes the following:
  • simple past
  • simple present
  • simple future
  • perfect aspect - the action, event, or condition is complete (definite) and includes the following:
  • past perfect
  • present perfect
  • future perfect
  • progressive aspect - the action, event, or condition is continuing and includes the following:
  • past progressive
  • present progressive
  • future progressive
  • perfect progressive aspect - the action, event or condition is continuing and then is complete and includes the following:
  • past perfect progressive
  • present perfect progressive
  • future perfect progressive
  • Aspect is closely related to tense
  • The table below shows the relationship between aspect and tense
Aspect and Tense Table
tense & aspect aspect
simple perfect progressive perfect progressive
tense past simple
past
past
perfect
past
progressive
past
perfect
progressive
present simple
present
present
perfect
present
progressive
present
perfect
progressive
future simple
future
future
perfect
future
progressive
future
perfect
progressive
Aspect Test
It is very important to use the correct verb tense and aspect. In the following test, choose the correct sentences.
Fun Easy English Tests
Tense and aspect
 
  1.  Choose the correct sentence.
A. John was knowing the answer, so he raised his hand.
B. John knew the answer, so he raised his hand.

  2.  Choose the correct sentence.
A. My friend had already been cooking dinner when I arrived.
B. My friend had already cooked dinner when I arrived.

  3.  Choose the correct sentence.
A. Did you find your car keys?
B. Did you found your car keys?

  4.  Choose the correct sentence.
A. Last year, I traveled to New York.
B. Last year, I have traveled to New York.

  5.  Choose the correct sentence.
A. John and Joan have been going to the park three times this week.
B. John and Joan have gone to the park three times this week.

  6.  Choose the correct sentence.
A. John is having a new car.
B. John has a new car.

  7.  Choose the correct sentence.
A. The teacher comes to the class on time.
B. The teacher is coming to the class on time.

  8.  Choose the correct sentence.
A. John has known Joan for many years.
B. John has been knowing Joan for many years.

  9.  Choose the correct sentence.
A. It rains outside. We should close the windows.
B. It is raining outside. We should close the windows.

  10.  Choose the correct sentence.
A. I have read that book several times.
B. I have been reading that book several times.

More Tests
 
 
 
 
 
 
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