Conjunctive Adverb
 
 
 
 
Conjunctive Adverb

In this lesson you will earn the definition of a conjunctive adverb and study examples of conjunctive adverbs.
Conjunctive Adverb Definition
  • A conjunctive adverb:
  •  shows the relationship between, and join together, two sentences or clauses
  • shows cause and effect, sequence, contrast, comparison, or other relationships
  • Use a semicolon to join two independent clauses
  • I want to sleep; however, I need to study.
  • Use a comma following the conjunctive adverb when it appears at the beginning of the second clause
  • The exam was very difficult; consequently, the students received only average grades.
  • A conjunctive adverb used at the beginning of a sentence uses a comma to set it off, with a period taking the place of a semicolon
  • The date was over. Therefore, I went home.
  • A conjunctive adverb placed within a clause uses commas to set it off
  • The date is over. I will, therefore, go home.
  • Like other adverbs, conjunctive adverbs may move around in the clause (or sentence) in which they appear. When they appear at the end of the clause, they are preceded by a comma. If they appear in the middle of the clause, they are normally enclosed in commas, though this rule is not absolute and is not always applied to very short clauses.
  • Learn the adverb spelling rules
Conjunctive Adverb Examples
  • The exam was very difficult; consequently, the students received only average grades.
  • There was practically no food in the refrigerator; therefore, we had to go shopping.
  • Brent enjoys video games; thus, he is in good company.
  • He went to the store; however, he did not buy anything.
  • The following words are conjunctive adverbs
  • accordingly, also, anyhow, anyway, again, besides, certainly, consequently, contrarily, finally, further, furthermore, elsewhere, hence, henceforth, however, in contrast, incidentally, indeed, instead, likewise, meanwhile, moreover, namely, nevertheless, next, nonetheless, now, otherwise, similarly, so*, subsequently, still, that is, then, thereafter, therefore, thus, undoubtedly
  • * so is a conjunctive adverb, when its meaning is therefore; otherwise, it can be either a coordinate conjunction or a subordinate conjunction
 
Grammar Tips
Can You Catch These Native Speaker Mistakes?
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of common mistakes. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Commonly Confused Words: Part One
(Beginner - Listening, reading)

A video lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Click here to visit the lesson page.
Commonly Confused Words: Part One
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Commonly Confused Words: Part Two
(Beginner - Listening, reading)

A video lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Click here to visit the lesson page.
Commonly Confused Words: Part Two
(Beginner - Listening)

An audio lesson to help with your understanding of commonly confused words. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Cool Stuff
Online Reference
Dictionary, Encyclopedia & more
Word:
by:
Confused?

Found a word in Fun Easy English you do not know?
1. Type the word in the Online Reference window
2. Click Look it up (opens to a new window)
Top Hits

Listen to American music while you study.
1. Click The ► button
2. Enjoy some great music
Resources

These links contain many English learning resources. Some are for students, some are for teachers. If you find information not on Fun Easy English, please post a comment below, and I will make every effort to add it to the site. Thanks.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Site Links Site Content Contact My Other Sites
About
Site Map
Copyright
Classroom
Grammar
Reductions
Idioms
Slang
Alphabet
ABC 4 Kids
Pronunciation
Reading
Vocabulary
Acronyms
Videos
Surveys
Tests
Email
Facebook
Twitter
Google
Howie Hayman
English Global Group
San Diego California Events
Tanegashima Japan
Japanese Language Culture Food
Akikos Kitchen
Shai Hayman