Reading Comprehension

This is a reading comprehension lesson to test your ability to understand information written in English. Read the information below and then answer the 5 test questions.
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Holiday: Kwanzaa

Kwanzaa is a week-long celebration held in the United States and also celebrated in the Western African Diaspora in other nations of the Americas. The celebration honors African heritage in African-American culture, and is observed from December 26 to January 1, culminating in a feast and gift-giving. Kwanzaa has seven core principles (Nguzo Saba). It was contrived by Maulana Karenga, and was first celebrated in 1966–67.

Maulana Karenga created Kwanzaa in 1966 as the first specifically African-American holiday. Karenga said his goal was to "give Blacks an alternative to the existing holiday and give Blacks an opportunity to celebrate themselves and their history, rather than simply imitate the practice of the dominant society." The name Kwanzaa derives from the Swahili phrase matunda ya kwanza, meaning "first fruits of the harvest". The choice of Swahili, an East African language, reflects its status as a symbol of Pan-Africanism, especially in the 1960s, although most East African nations were not involved in the Atlantic slave trade that brought African people to America.

Kwanzaa was a celebration that has its roots in the black nationalist movement of the 1960s, and was established as a means to help African Americans reconnect with their African cultural and historical heritage by uniting in meditation and study of African traditions and Nguzu Saba, the "seven principles of African Heritage" which Karenga said "is a communitarian African philosophy".

During the early years of Kwanzaa, Karenga said that it was meant to be an alternative to Christmas. However, as Kwanzaa gained mainstream adherents, Karenga altered his position so that practicing Christians would not be alienated, then stating in the 1997 Kwanzaa: A Celebration of Family, Community, and Culture, "Kwanzaa was not created to give people an alternative to their own religion or religious holiday."

Many African Americans who celebrate Kwanzaa do so in addition to observing Christmas.

Source: Wikipedia: Kwanzaa
From YOUR Teacher: Kwanzaa

This is a very new holiday and is celebrated in African communities throughout the World. This is an important holiday which connects people with their cultures.
Test: Reading Comprehension Kwanzaa

Read the information above. In the test questions below choose which is the best answer for each question. There are 5 questions. Good luck.
1.  Kwanzaa is celebrated over which of the following?

a.  a day
b.  a week
c.  a month
d.  a year
2.  Kwanzaa has which of the following?

a.  five core principles
b.  six core principles
c.  seven core principles
d.  eight core principles
3.  Who is the founder of Kwanzaa?

a.  Nguzu Saba
b.  Matunda Ya Kwanza
c.  Maulana Karenga
d.  Hakuna Matata
4.  When was Kwanzaa created?

a.  1956
b.  1966
c.  1976
d.  1986
5.  Kwanzaa was established as a means to help African Americans reconnect with which of the following?

a.  African cultural and historical heritage
b.  African family members
c.  African cooking traditions
d.  African holiday traditions
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