New Hampshire
 
 
 
 
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Learn before you travel. This section of Fun Easy English focuses on facts and other cool stuff about your favorite U.S. state. This is great English reading practice. This page focuses on the state of New Hampshire.
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New Hampshire

One of the original 13 states (it entered the Union in 1788), New Hampshire was named after the English county of Hampshire. New Hampshire is called the "Granite State" because of its numerous granite quarries; the nickname may also reflect the state's attachment to tradition and its history of a frugal government. There are no general sales or individual income taxes, which fits with the state motto of "Live free or die." A relatively small state, New Hampshire plays a major role every four years in the presidential election, as it holds the first primary election. New Hampshire's state bird is the purple finch and its capital is Concord.
Flag of New HampshireNew Hampshire State Flag


New Hampshire's state flag features the state seal with the frigate Raleigh surrounded by laurel leaves and nine stars against a field of blue. New Hampshire did not officially adopt a state flag until 1909.
Source: State Symbols USA
 
The great seal of the state of New HampshireNew Hampshire State Facts

Picture: state seal of New Hampshire
State Capital Concord
Nickname Granite State
Motto Live free or die
Statehood June 21, 1788 (9th)
Origin of Name Named for Hampshire, England, by Captain John Mason
Largest Cities Manchester, Nashua, Concord, Derry, Rochester
Border States Maine, Massachusetts, Vermont
Area 8,969 sq. mi., 44th largest
State Bird Purple Finch
State Flower Purple Lilac (syringa vulgaris)
State Tree White Birch (betula papyrifera)
State Song Old New Hampshire
Map showing the location of New HampshireTravel and tourism site for New Hampshire - This state travel and territorial tourism site provides ideas for your vacations, meetings, and more.
New Hampshire Stories
 
Hancock Old Home Days

Do you like picnics? The people of Hancock, New Hampshire, like them so much that what started as a family picnic in 1879 has grown into a picnic that includes the whole town and anyone who has ever lived there!

Hancock has celebrated Old Home Day for more than 120 years. The celebration includes the Hancock Town Picnic and a parade. In 1999, the Old Home Day parade included a Y2K Bug float! Townspeople see the gathering as a way to encourage others who have moved away to come back and visit. Apparently, other people in the state thought it was a good idea as well. Today, invitations are sent out across the country to relatives and New Hampshire descendants to return for the statewide celebration. In 1899, New Hampshire Governor Frank Rollins made Old Home Day a state holiday.
 
Amoskeag Millyard

What's a "company town"? In case you're not sure, the story of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in Manchester, New Hampshire, is a good example of one.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company was the largest maker of cotton cloth in the world. It employed most of the town's people and became so powerful that it even played a big role in city planning. No other manufacturing companies could think about locating in New Hampshire without Amoskeag's permission, because it owned most of the land available for industry.

At first, only young women worked at the Amoskeag mills. After the Civil War, men were also hired, as were many immigrants. The mill brought great prosperity to the city. But that prosperity did not last forever.

After the First World War, many textile mills were located in the South, which was closer to the cotton farms and where wages were lower. Eventually, the Amoskeag Company had to lower wages to stay in business, causing the workers to strike in 1922. The company reopened, but it was not as strong as before. In 1935, it closed forever, bringing economic disaster to the town and its people.
 
Strawbery Banke

Have you ever been in a house that's older than the United States? If you go to Strawbery Banke, a historic area in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, you can see this 300-year-old house plus a lot of other very old buildings. Strawbery Banke is an outdoor museum of historic buildings. They are being preserved because they help us learn how people lived hundreds of years ago.

One of the buildings in Strawbery Banke is Sherburne House, which was built in 1695 by Captain John Sherburne. The architecture of the house (the way it's built) tells us that the early European settlers of Portsmouth were English. On the ceiling in one of the rooms are brightly colored spots that had been sponge-painted. The spots make the room look more cheerful. We tend to think of the early settlers as being very serious. Perhaps this simple decoration -- bright ceiling spots - lets us see them as more good-natured than we thought and, maybe, even more like ourselves.
 
Danbury Grange and Community Fair

How much pie can you eat in a single sitting? The Blazing Star Grange Number 71 in Danbury, New Hampshire, has a pie-eating contest as part of its community fair, which has been held annually since 1914.

Do you know what a Grange is? It is a family-oriented, social organization that focuses on agriculture and rural life and was founded by farmers in the 19th century. The word comes from "grain." There are local granges all over the country. Today, granges are involved in community service projects such as raising money for charities and increasing public awareness of local issues. The Blazing Star Grange community fair also includes live music, auctions, a parade -- and a lot of pies.

Not everyone in Danbury gets excited about the community fair parade. One year, two huge oxen, Ike and Mike, were a part of the parade. After a while, they decided they had had enough, so they simply turned off the street and went straight home. Ike and Mike didn't want any part of the parade -- they just wanted their barn and their hay!
 
Thompson School of Applied Science

The Thompson School of Applied Science, in Durham, is part of the University of New Hampshire. It's a school for people who want to work with animals, forests or farms.

One of the departments in the school is the Applied Animal Science Department. Since so many Americans have dogs, cats, and other small animals, it's important to have people who are trained to care for these animals. Students at the Thompson School can study Small Animal Care. This is the study of how pets behave and how to train and groom them. Students also learn what kinds of food dogs and cats should eat and how to keep them healthy. Many go on to work with veterinarians or humane societies or become pet groomers.

The two other areas in Applied Animal Science are Equine Management and Dairy Management. Equine Management teaches all sorts of subjects related to horses - everything from riding to physical care of the animals to management of barns and stables. In the Dairy Management program students experience practical, hands-on work with cattle as well as learning about the business of farming. Have you ever considered a career with animals?
 
Peace Treaties in Portsmouth

Two peace treaties have been signed in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. One was signed before America gained its independence from the British and the other was signed almost 200 years later. Do you know the treaties?

From 1702 to 1713, Great Britain and France fought in the West Indies and in the Carolina and New England frontiers in Queen Anne's War. At the end of the war, the American Indians who had sided with the French surrendered to the British. On July 13, 1713, representatives from the Indian tribes, Massachusetts Bay, and New Hampshire met in Portsmouth to sign a treaty. The Indians agreed not to fight the British anymore. This treaty is interesting in part because the Indian representatives signed their names in three languages: French, English, and their own, which is in pictograph, or drawn symbols.

Almost 200 years later, in 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt held a peace conference in Portsmouth to help end the Russo-Japanese War. As a result, Japan and Russia signed the Treaty of Portsmouth. President Roosevelt received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.
 
Northern Forest Heritage Park

There's plenty to do besides camping in White Mountain National Forest, such as fishing, hiking, spying on moose, and skiing. But it's also a good place to learn about local history. Within this New Hampshire National Forest is the Northern Forest Heritage Park. The park has a museum and other buildings that tell visitors about the local logging industry. In fact, Northern Forest Heritage Park runs the oldest continuous logging operation in the United States.

Considered a "working forest," the Northern Forest Heritage Park is located along the Androscoggin River. This was a major area in the logging and paper industry in the mid-19th and early-20th centuries. The Northern Forest offered a large supply of trees, and the Androscoggin River provided water power for the sawmills. Immigrants from many countries including Norway, Russia, Ireland, and Italy worked in the mills. As a result, the area boomed and several companies were established to take advantage of the wood and paper industries. At the same time, efforts were made to keep a forest growing, including the establishment of the first industrial forestry program in the nation.

Next time you are in a forest, think about all the things you can do there, as well as all the natural resources around you.
Source: Library of Congress
National Forests of New Hampshire

The following is a description of national forests in the state of New Hampshire. There are no national parks or monuments in this state. If you plan to visit or live in New Hampshire for awhile then you should definitely plan to visit some of these fantastic places.
 
National Forests
White Mountain

This National Forest is located in the White Mountains, which the Appalachian Trail and White Mountain Scenic Byway pass through. The forest includes Mount Washington, which at 6,288 ft (1,917 m) is the highest point in the Northeast and the location of the fastest wind speed recorded on earth, although the summit is located in a state park. This national forest is also partially located in the state of Maine.
 
Travel America
Cool America
Route 66 - Famous American Road

U.S. Route 66 (US 66 or Route 66), also known as the Will Rogers Highway, the Main Street of America or the Mother Road, was one of the original highways in the U.S. Highway System. The highway, which became one of the most famous roads in the United States, originally ran from Chicago, Illinois, through Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona before ending in Santa Monica, California, near Los Angeles, covering a total of 2,448 miles (3,940 km). It was recognized in popular culture by both the hit song "(Get Your Kicks on) Route 66" and the Route 66 television show in the 1960s.
Route 66: The Highway That's the Best
(Beginner - Listening)

A video lesson which shows you an interesting place in America.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Great English listening practice.
This video shows travel along Route 66, the most famous road in America.
Chicago: The Start of Route 66
(Beginner - Listening)

A video lesson which shows you an interesting place in America.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Great English listening practice.
This video shows travel along Route 66, the most famous road in America.
Going West for Decades on Route 66
(Beginner - Listening)

A video lesson which shows you an interesting place in America.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Great English listening practice.
This video shows travel along Route 66, the most famous road in America.
Arizona: The Spirit of Route 66
(Beginner - Listening)

A video lesson which shows you an interesting place in America.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Great English listening practice.
This video shows travel along Route 66, the most famous road in America.
Route 66 California: The End of the Trail
(Beginner - Listening)

A video lesson which shows you an interesting place in America.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Great English listening practice.
This video shows travel along Route 66, the most famous road in America.
Ten Must-See Route 66 Attractions
(Beginner - Listening)

A video lesson which shows you an interesting place in America.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Great English listening practice.
This video shows travel along Route 66, the most famous road in America.
Four Famous Foods On Route 66
(Beginner - Listening)

A video lesson which shows you an interesting place in America.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Great English listening practice.
This video shows travel along Route 66, the most famous road in America.
International Tourists Drawn to Route 66
(Beginner - Listening)

A video lesson which shows you an interesting place in America.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Great English listening practice.
This video shows travel along Route 66, the most famous road in America.
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