Fun Easy English Classroom February 21
 
 
 
 

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American English
reductions
gonna and gotta
Reductions "gonna" and "gotta"

Today in the Fun Easy English classroom you are going to learn "gonna" and "gotta" which are American English reductions.
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Reductions: "gonna"

American English reductions are reduced forms of English words.
  • This American English reduction is formed when you combine and reduce the following words.
  • gonna = going + to
  • This American English reduction is used in the following way.
  • I'm gonna have to work every day next week.
  • This American English reduction has the following meaning.
  • I'm going to have to work every day next week.
Examples: "gonna"
  • Are you gonna go?
  • (Meaning: Are you planning to go?)
  • She is gonna go.
  • (Meaning: She is planning to go.)
  • They are gonna come late.
  • (Meaning: They are going to arrive late.)
  • I am gonna go to Japan this month.
  • (Meaning: I am planning to travel to Japan this month.)
  • Are we gonna watch TV tonight?
  • (Meaning: Are we going to watch the television tonight?)
From YOUR Teacher: Gonna

This American English reduction "gonna" is without a doubt one of the most widely used reductions in the English language. You will often notice native English speakers saying gonna instead of going to.
Reductions: "gotta"

American English reductions are reduced forms of English words.
  • This American English reduction is formed when you combine and reduce the following words.
  • gotta = got + to
  • This American English reduction is used in the following way.
  • I gotta get up early to go work.
  • This American English reduction has the following meaning.
  • I got to get up early to go work.
Examples: "gotta"
  • We really gotta go.
  • (Meaning: We are required to go.)
  • They gotta leave now.
  • (Meaning: They must leave now.)
  • They gotta make a better business plan.
  • (Meaning: They should make a better business plan.)
  • We gotta make a decision.
  • (Meaning: We should make a decision.)
  • I gotta get a new pair of shoes.
  • (Meaning: I should get a new pair of shoes.)
From YOUR Teacher: Gotta

This reduction is used most often when referring to the need to go to the bathroom.

I gotta go to the bathroom (use the toilet).
I gotta pee (urinate).
Note: Reductions

Remember the following:
  • Reductions are reduced forms of English words.
  • Reductions, such as gonna and gotta are not real words in English.
  • You need to use reductions in order to sound more natural.
  • You need to know reductions in order to understand conversations between native English speakers.
  • Reductions are used extensively in American TV, movies, music, literature, and in conversations among native English speakers.
Reductions in Music and TV


Jet - Are You Gonna Be My Girl

Songwriters: Cameron Thane Muncey / Nicholas John Cester
Are You Gonna Be My Girl lyrics © Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC, BMG Rights Management

Jet are an Australian rock band formed in 2001. The band consists of lead guitarist Cameron Muncey, bassist Mark Wilson, and brothers Nic and Chris Cester on vocals/rhythm guitar and drums respectively. The group sold 6.5 million albums. The band dissolved in 2012, but reformed in 2016.

This video is a good example of the usage of "gonna", and "wanna" English language reductions.

Use a dictionary to look up words you do not understand.
Lyrics

Go!
So one, two, three, take my hand and come with me
Because you look so fine
That I really wanna make you mine
I say you look so fine
That I really wanna make you mine
Oh, four, five, six c'mon and get your kicks
Now you don't need that money
When you look like that, do ya honey
Big black boots
Long blonde hair
She's so sweet
With her get back stare
Well I could see
You home with me
But you were with another man, yeah!
I know we
Ain't got much to say
Before I let you get away, yeah!
I said, are you gonna be my girl?
Well, so one, two, three, take my hand and come with me
Because you look so fine
That I really wanna make you mine
I say you look so fine
That I really wanna make you mine
Oh, four, five, six c'mon and get your kicks
Now you don't need that money
With a face like that, do ya
Big black boots
Long brown hair
She's so sweet
With her get back stare
Well I could see
You home with me
But you were with another man, yeah!
I know we,
Ain't got much to say
Before I let you get away, yeah!
I said, are you gonna be my girl?
Oh yeah, oh yeah, c'mon!
I could see
You home with me
But you were with another man, yeah!
I know we
Ain't got much to say
Before I let you get away, yeah!
Uh, be my girl
Be my girl
Are you gonna be my girl?
Yeah


The Proclaimers - I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles)

Songwriters: Charles S. Reid / Craig M. Reidbr
I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles) lyrics © Warner/Chappell Music, Inc

The Proclaimers are a Scottish music duo composed of twin brothers Charlie and Craig Reid (born 5 March 1962). They are best known for their songs "I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles)", "Sunshine on Leith", "I'm On My Way" and "Letter from America", and their singing style with a Scottish accent. The band tours extensively throughout the world. They have released 11 studio albums since 1987, with the latest being The Angry Cyclist (August 2018), as well as three compilation albums and a DVD.

This video is a good example of the usage of "gonna", an English language reduction.

Use a dictionary to look up words you do not understand.

Lyrics

When I wake up, well I know I'm gonna be,
I'm gonna be the man who wakes up next you
When I go out, yeah I know I'm gonna be
I'm gonna be the man who goes along with you
If I get drunk, well I know I'm gonna be
I'm gonna be the man who gets drunk next to you
And if I haver up, yeah I know I'm gonna be
I'm gonna be the man who's havering to you
But I would walk 500 miles
And I would walk 500 more
Just to be the man who walks a thousand miles
To fall down at your door
When I'm working, yes I know I'm gonna be
I'm gonna be the man who's working hard for you
And when the money, comes in for the work I do
I'll pass almost every penny on to you
When I come home (when I come home) well I know I'm gonna be
I'm gonna be the man who comes back home to you
And if I grow-old (when I grow-old) well I know I'm gonna be
I'm gonna be the man who's growing old with you
But I would walk 500 miles
And I would walk 500 more
Just to be the man who walks a thousand miles
To fall down at your door
Da da da (da da da)
Da da da (da da da)
Da da da dun diddle un diddle un diddle uh da
Da da da (da da da)
Da da da (da da da)
Da da da dun diddle un diddle un diddle uh da
When I'm lonely, well I know I'm gonna be
I'm gonna be the man who's lonely without you
And when I'm dreaming, well I know I'm gonna dream
I'm gonna dream about the time when I'm with you
When I go out (when I go out) well I know I'm gonna be
I'm gonna be the man who goes along with you
And when I come home (when I come home) yes I know I'm gonna be
I'm gonna be the man who comes back home with you
I'm gonna be the man who's coming home with you
But I would walk 500 miles
And I would walk 500 more
Just to be the man who walks a thousand miles
To fall down at your door
Da da da (da da da)
Da da da (da da da)
Da da da dun diddle un diddle un diddle uh da
Da da da (da da da)
Da da da (da da da)
Da da da dun diddle un diddle un diddle uh da
Da da da (da da da)
Da da da (da da da)
Da da da dun diddle un diddle un diddle uh da
Da da da (da da da)
Da da da (da da da)
Da da da dun diddle un diddle un diddle uh da
And I would walk 500 miles
And I would walk 500 more
Just to be the man who walked a thousand miles
To fall down at your door


The Black Eyed Peas - I Gotta Feeling

Songwriters: Frederic Riesterer / David Guetta / Stacy Ferguson / Allan Pineda / Jaime Gomez / Will Adams
I Gotta Feeling lyrics © Shapiro Bernstein & Co. Inc., BMG Rights Management, Kobalt Music Publishing Ltd.

The Black Eyed Peas (originally simply Black Eyed Peas) is an American musical group, consisting of rappers will.i.am, apl.de.ap and Taboo and singer Jessica Reynoso. Originally an alternative hip hop group, they subsequently changed their musical sound to pop and dance-pop music. Although the group was founded in Los Angeles in 1995, it was not until the release of their third album, Elephunk, in 2003, that they achieved high record sales. Since that time, the group has sold an estimated 76 million records (35 million albums and 41 million singles), making them one of the world's best-selling groups of all time. As of 2011, according to Nielsen SoundScan, the Black Eyed Peas were the second-best-selling artist/group of all time for downloaded tracks, behind Rihanna, with over 42 million sales.

This video is a good example of the usage of "gonna", "gotta", and "wanna" English language reductions.

Use a dictionary to look up words you do not understand.
Lyrics

I gotta feeling that tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good, good night
A feeling that tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good, good night
A feeling, woohoo, that tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good, good night
A feeling, woohoo, that tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good, good night
Tonight's the night, let's live it up
I got my money, let's spend it up
Go out and smash it like oh my God
Jump off that sofa, let's get, get off
I know that we'll have a ball
If we get down and go out and just lose it all
I feel stressed out, I wanna let it go
Let's go way out spaced out and losing all control
Fill up my cup, Mazel Tov
Look at her dancing, just take it off
Let's paint the town, we'll shut it down
Let's burn the roof, and then we'll do it again
Let's do it, let's do it, let's do it, let's do it
And do it and do it, let's live it up
And do it and do it and do it, do it, do it
Let's do it, let's do it, let's do it
Cause I gotta feeling, woohoo,
That tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good, good night
A feeling, woohoo, that tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good, good night
Tonight's the night (Hey! )
Let's live it up (Let's live it up)
I got my money (My pay)
Let's spend it up (Let's spend it up)
Go out and smash it (Smash it)
Like oh my God (Like oh my God)
Jump off that sofa (Come on!)
Let's get, get off
Fill up my cup (Drink)
Mazel Tov (L'chaim)
Look at her dancing (Move it, move it)
Just take it off
Let's paint the town (Paint the town)
We'll shut it down (Let's shut it down)
Let's burn the roof
And then we'll do it again
Let's do it, let's do it, let's do it, let's do it
And do it and do it, let's live it up
And do it and do it and do it, do it, do it
Let's do it, let's do it, let's do it, do it, do it, do it
Here we come, here we go, we gotta rock (Rock rock rock rock rock)
Easy come, easy go, now we on top (Top top top top top)
Feel the shot, body rock, rock it, don't stop (Stop stop stop stop stop)
Round and round, up and down, around the clock (Rock rock rock rock rock)
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday
Friday, Saturday, Saturday to Sunday
Get, get, get, get, get with us, you know what we say, say
Party every day, p-p-p-party every day
And I'm feelin', woohoo, that tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good, good night
A feelin', woohoo, that tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good night
That tonight's gonna be a good, good night, woohoo
 
Additional Lessons
About These Lessons

The following classroom lessons are great for students who want additional conversation, listening, and reading practice. Please post a comment at the bottom of this page in the Facebook Comments window with your thoughts about these lessons.
  • Conversation Lesson - Beginner Level. Let's Learn English conversation lesson with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, video speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new words section, and a writing activity.
Conversation Lesson 52 - Taking Chances
(Beginner - Conversation, Listening, Reading)

In this lesson Anna is on a talk show to tell us about her new career move - acting as a tree in the movies. She looks back at the chances she took in the past year and plans for the future. Will she stay in Hollywood or come back to live in Washington, D.C.?
Lesson Video

Watch the video and then do the activities on this page.
Video Script

Anna: Hello, it's Anna! I did it - Washington, D.C. is my home. Looking back over the past year, I’ve done so many amazing things! I have met people from all over the world. I’ve made many good friends. And I have a great job! And I've taken a lot of chances. And now I have some really big news! Wait for it… and 3, 2, 1…
Kelly: Hello and welcome to “Around the Corner and Across the Street from the Actor’s Studio!” Many people dream of becoming actors. But very often, those dreams don’t come true.
Kelly: Well, today we will meet a woman and -- her acting career has really taken off. In fact, she acted in my play, “The Woods Are Alive!” Oh. She really brought the part of Tree Number 15 to life! Let’s give a warm welcome to Anna Matteo!
Anna: Thank you. Thank you so much for having me here.
Kelly: Please, please, sit down. Here, here, let me help you.
Anna: Thanks. Thanks. Wow, it is great to see you again, Director Kelly!
Kelly: It’s great to see you too, Anna. I see you are still wearing your tree costume. Does this have anything to do with your big news?
Anna: Yes. Yes, it does.
Kelly: Well, Anna, please share that news with us.
Anna: Kelly, I will be acting in three movies.
Kelly: That is amazing! Anna, tell us more.
Anna: Well, the first is a science fiction movie. The second is a romantic comedy. And the third is an action movie.
Kelly: That is so great! Let me guess -- you’re playing a tree in all of them!
Anna: Yes! This is what happened. To prepare for your play, I had to find out what it was like to BE a tree in the world. I had to find out where to eat, where to shop, where to meet people and how to get around the city.
Kelly: Amazing. I think big things are going to happen for you, Anna. So, tell me, will you be moving to Hollywood for a career in movies?
Anna: No. I’ll make the movies and then come back. Washington, D.C. is my home.
Kelly: I’m sure your family is very proud.
Anna: Yes, they are. You know, Kelly, not too long ago, I didn’t feel very good about my life. I had to make a change. So, I took some chances. Sometimes I succeeded. Sometimes I failed. But I will never stop trying.
Kelly: Well, thank you for sharing your news and so much more with us, Anna.
Kelly: Until next time …
Listening

Now practice listening to only the audio portion of the conversation.
Speaking

Use this video to learn the new words for this lesson. Then, learn about some new phrasal verbs.
Pronunciation

Use this video to learn about the blend of two words in the phrase "sit down."
New Words
  • action movie - n. a movie with events that happen quickly and that cause feelings of danger and excitement
  • bring to life - phrase. make or become active, lively, or interesting
  • career - n. a job or profession that someone does for a long time
  • come back - phrasal verb. to return to a place
  • fail - v. to not succeed or to end without success
  • find out - phrasal verb. to learn (something) by making an effort
  • get around - phrasal verb. to go, walk, or travel to different places
  • prepare - v. to make yourself ready for something that you will be doing or something that you expect to happen
  • proud - adj. very happy and pleased because of something you have done, something you own, or someone you know or are related to
  • romantic comedy - n. a movie or play that deals with love in a light, humorous way
  • science fiction - n. a kind of story about how people and societies are affected by imaginary scientific developments in the future
  • share - v. to tell someone about (your feelings, opinions, or thoughts)
  • take chances - phrase. to do things even though there could be good or bad results
  • take off - phrasal verb. make great progress
Activity

In this lesson, Anna looks back on how she has learned by taking chances over the past year in Washington, D.C. Have you ever taken chances to learn something new or to meet your goal? Tell us about a chance you took and how it helped you to learn or do something important to you . Write about it in the Facebook Comments section below. Then practice phrasal verbs and evaluating. Click lesson activity to get the printable PDF version. The page opens to a new window.
Conversation Lessons

Study all 52 English conversation lessons. Let's Learn English conversation lessons each with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, video speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new words section, and a writing activity. These lessons are for beginners.
Source: Voice of America
Additional Information
Study Tips
(Beginner - Listening)

Avoid Ineffective Study Methods. An audio lesson to help you study English more effectively. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great English study tips.
Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
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