Fun Easy English Classroom June 7
 
 
 
 

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Learn about
phrasal verbs
Phrasal Verbs

Today in the classroom you are going to learn about phrasal verbs an important part of English grammar.
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Grammar: Phrasal Verbs

Definition of a phrasal verb.
  • A phrasal verb is a combination of:
  • a verb and a preposition
  • a verb and an adverb
  • a verb with both an adverb and a preposition
  • The meaning of a phrasal verb is different from the original verb
  • The preposition or adverb that follows the verb is called a particle and changes the meaning of the phrasal verb
  • Phrasal verbs can be divided into the following groups:
  • intransitive phrasal verb 
  • does not take an object
  • inseparable phrasal verb
  • the object comes after the particle
  • separable phrasal verb
  • the object comes between the verb and the particle
  • separable phrasal verb
  • the object can come before or after the particle though when a pronoun is used it comes before the particle
Phrasal Verb Examples
  • intransitive phrasal verb - does not take an object
  • They had an argument, but they've made up now.
  • inseparable phrasal verb - the object comes after the particle
  • They are looking after their grandchildren.
  • separable phrasal verb - the object comes between the verb and the particle
  • The quality of their work sets them apart from their rivals.
  • separable phrasal verb - the object can come before or after the particle though when a pronoun is used it comes before the particle
  • Turn the TV off.
  • Turn off the TV.
  • Turn it off.
Fun Easy English Grammar Lessons
From YOUR Teacher: Phrasal Verbs

Using phrasal verbs is very important when speaking English. Many of the phrasal verbs used in English are also idioms. If you want to sound more natural you need to be able to understand and use phrasal verbs when speaking English.
Test: Grammar Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs are verbs that contain a verb and a particle which together form the unit of meaning. Study the examples below. For the test, fill in the blanks with the correct phrasal verb.
  • put together - this phrasal verb means to assemble
  • The office manager tried to put together the new table.
  • think up - this phrasal verb means to create or invent
  • The inventor spent the weekend trying to think up a new invention.
1.  He has to ________ the balloons for the party.

     a.  blow out
     b.  blow up
     c.  fill in
2.  She wanted to ________ the clothes before buying them.

     a.  keep on
     b.  try on
     c.  fill in
3.  The teacher decided to ________ the exam until next week.

     a.  put off
     b.  leave out
     c.  give out
4.  The student had to ________ all night studying.

     a.  hold on
     b.  wake up
     c.  stay up
5.  Quit acting like a child. You need to ________.

     a.  grow up
     b.  work out
     c.  build up
6.  She needs to ________ her clothes at the dry cleaners.

     a.  set up
     b.  pick up
     c.  put up
7.  The couple decided to ________ their problems instead of ending the relationship.

     a.  hang up
     b.  run off
     c.  work out
8.  You should ________ the old product before opening a new one.

     a.  pick up
     b.  pick out
     c.  use up
9.  If it rains, we have to ________ the game.

     a.  call off
     b.  call up
     c.  cut off
10.  He already spent one hour trying to ________ the math problem.

     a.  figure out
     b.  put off
     c.  put on
More Tests
 
Additional Lessons
About These Lessons

The following classroom lessons are great for students who want additional conversation, listening, and reading practice. Please post a comment at the bottom of this page in the Facebook Comments window with your thoughts about these lessons.
  • Conversation Lesson - Advanced Level. Dialogs for everyday use. Short situational dialogs for students of English as a Foreign (EFL) or Second (ESL) Language with a written conversation and a conversation notes section.
Conversation Lesson 10 - Ordering a Meal
(Advanced - Conversation, Reading)

Dialogs for everyday use. Short situational dialogs for students of English as a Foreign (EFL) or Second (ESL) Language.
Ordering a Meal

WAITER: Hello, I’ll be your waiter today. Can I start you off with something to drink?

RALPH: Yes. I’ll have iced tea, please.

ANNA: And I’ll have lemonade.

WAITER: OK. Are you ready to order, or do you need a few minutes?

RALPH: I think we’re ready. I’ll have the tomato soup to start, and the roast beef with mashed potatoes and peas.

WAITER: How do you want the beef — rare, medium, or well done?

RALPH: Well done, please.

ANNA: And I’ll just have the fish, with potatoes and a salad.
Conversation Notes
  • Can I start you off with something to drink? Notice how the question starts with “Can.” Since this is a yes/no question, the intonation rises at the end.
  • And I’ll have lemonade. Notice how Anna stresses “I’ll” and “lemonade” to emphasize her choice.
  • Are you ready to order, or do you need a few minutes? The word “or” signals a choice here. Notice the rising intonation on order, and the falling intonation on minutes (the first choice is “Are you ready to order?” and the second choice is “Do you need a few minutes?”).
  • I’ll have the tomato soup to start, and the roast beef with mashed potatoes and peas. Notice that “tomato soup,” “roast beef,” “mashed potatoes” and “peas” are stressed because the food order is the important information here. Notice also that “tomato soup,” “roast beef” and “mashed potatoes” are compound words. The stress falls on the second word in each phrase.
  • Well done, please. Notice that the subject and verb are omitted in the response; only the necessary information is given.
  • I’ll just have the fish. Anna says “just” here to mean that she does not want a starter.
Source: U.S. State Department
Additional Conversation
Conversation

This is a collection of 30 situational conversations which focus on a wide variety of communicative and natural encounters in English....these lessons are for beginning students.
Conversation

This is a collection of 36 situational conversations which focus on spoken American English in a relatively natural way....these lessons are for intermediate students.
Conversation

English conversation lessons. 52 lessons covering pronunciation, speaking, writing, and grammar topics....these lessons are for beginning students.
Conversation

English conversation lessons. 30 lessons focusing mostly on communication and grammar topics....these lessons are for intermediate students.
Additional Information
Study Tips
(Beginner - Listening)

Avoid Ineffective Study Methods. An audio lesson to help you study English more effectively. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great English study tips.
Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
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  Resources

These links contain many English learning resources. Some are for students, some are for teachers. If you find information not on Fun Easy English, please post a comment below, and I will make every effort to add it to the site. Thanks.
 
 
 
 
 
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