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Today in the Fun Easy English Classroom

Grammar: modal verbs
Test: modal verbs
Modal Verbs

Today in the classroom you are going to learn about modal verbs an important part of English grammar.
 
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Grammar: Modal Verbs (reading and grammar)

Definition of a modal verb.
  • A modal verb is:
  • an auxiliary verb
  • used to express intention, necessity, obligation, offer, permission, possibility, prohibition, question, request, suggestion
  • cannot function as a main verb in a sentence
Modal Verb Examples
  • can
  • She can finish doing the dishes. (possibility)
  • Can we take more of these? (permission)
  • Can you wash my car? (request)
  • could
  • Could I borrow your car? (permission)
  • I think we could get a woman president. (possibility)
  • Could you eat your food in the dining room? (request)
  • You could try finding another job. (suggestion)
  • may
  • May I see the menu please? (permission)
  • It may rain tomorrow. (possibility)
  • might
  • They might give us free tickets. (possibility)
  • must
  • We must go home now. (necessity, obligation)
  • They must not be win the game this weekend. (prohibition)
  • ought to
  • We must go home now. (necessity, obligation)
  • We ought to move to another city. (suggestion)
  • shall
  • Shall we close the account for you? (offer)
  • Shall we go out to lunch now? (suggestion)
  • Shall we go out to lunch or out to dinner? (question)
  • should
  • We should really talk about this. (suggestion)
  • Profits should increase next year. (prediction)
  • will
  • You will do your homework tonight. (necessity)
  • Will you go to the party this weekend? (question)
  • would
  • Would you like me to hold that for you? (offer)
  • You would really like this sushi. (suggestion)
Fun Easy English Grammar Lessons
From YOUR Teacher: Modal Verbs

Modal verbs are used to express intention, necessity, obligation, offer, permission, possibility, prohibition, question, request, suggestion. Native English speakers use modal verbs often in daily conversation.
Test: Grammar Modal Verbs (reading and grammar)

For each question in the test below, choose the correct sentence.
1.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  We would take the car to the mechanic.
     b.  We must take the car to the mechanic.
2.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  Joan could have come back. I received email from her today.
     b.  Joan must have come back. I received email from her today.
3.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  Joan should have helped her colleague.
     b.  Joan used to have helped her colleague.
4.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  When he was a boy, he could play football really well.
     b.  When he was a boy, he can play football really well.
5.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  You might do your homework and come to class to get a good grade.
     b.  You must do your homework and come to class to get a good grade.
6.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  Joan should have gone out already because she didn’t answer her phone.
     b.  Joan must have gone out already because she didn’t answer her phone.
7.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  You should see the exhibit at the museum.
     b.  You had to see the exhibit at the museum.
8.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  She can play the piano very well.
     b.  She could plays the piano very well.
9.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  Should you please give me directions to the post office?
     b.  Could you please give me directions to the post office?
10.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  Might you please close the door?
     b.  Can you please close the door?
More Tests
 
 
 
 
 
 
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