Fun Easy English Classroom June 3
 
 
 
 

Classroom
Today


Learn about
modal verbs
Modal Verbs

Today in the classroom you are going to learn about modal verbs an important part of English grammar.
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Grammar: Modal Verbs

Definition of a modal verb.
  • A modal verb is:
  • an auxiliary verb
  • used to express intention, necessity, obligation, offer, permission, possibility, prohibition, question, request, suggestion
  • cannot function as a main verb in a sentence
Modal Verb Examples
  • can
  • She can finish doing the dishes. (possibility)
  • Can we take more of these? (permission)
  • Can you wash my car? (request)
  • could
  • Could I borrow your car? (permission)
  • I think we could get a woman president. (possibility)
  • Could you eat your food in the dining room? (request)
  • You could try finding another job. (suggestion)
  • may
  • May I see the menu please? (permission)
  • It may rain tomorrow. (possibility)
  • might
  • They might give us free tickets. (possibility)
  • must
  • We must go home now. (necessity, obligation)
  • They must not be win the game this weekend. (prohibition)
  • ought to
  • We must go home now. (necessity, obligation)
  • We ought to move to another city. (suggestion)
  • shall
  • Shall we close the account for you? (offer)
  • Shall we go out to lunch now? (suggestion)
  • Shall we go out to lunch or out to dinner? (question)
  • should
  • We should really talk about this. (suggestion)
  • Profits should increase next year. (prediction)
  • will
  • You will do your homework tonight. (necessity)
  • Will you go to the party this weekend? (question)
  • would
  • Would you like me to hold that for you? (offer)
  • You would really like this sushi. (suggestion)
Fun Easy English Grammar Lessons
From YOUR Teacher: Modal Verbs

Modal verbs are used to express intention, necessity, obligation, offer, permission, possibility, prohibition, question, request, suggestion. Native English speakers use modal verbs often in daily conversation.
Test: Grammar Modal Verbs

For each question in the test below, choose the correct sentence.
1.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  We would take the car to the mechanic.
     b.  We must take the car to the mechanic.
2.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  Joan could have come back. I received email from her today.
     b.  Joan must have come back. I received email from her today.
3.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  Joan should have helped her colleague.
     b.  Joan used to have helped her colleague.
4.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  When he was a boy, he could play football really well.
     b.  When he was a boy, he can play football really well.
5.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  You might do your homework and come to class to get a good grade.
     b.  You must do your homework and come to class to get a good grade.
6.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  Joan should have gone out already because she didn’t answer her phone.
     b.  Joan must have gone out already because she didn’t answer her phone.
7.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  You should see the exhibit at the museum.
     b.  You had to see the exhibit at the museum.
8.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  She can play the piano very well.
     b.  She could plays the piano very well.
9.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  Should you please give me directions to the post office?
     b.  Could you please give me directions to the post office?
10.  Choose the correct sentence.

     a.  Might you please close the door?
     b.  Can you please close the door?
More Tests
 
Additional Lessons
About These Lessons

The following classroom lessons are great for students who want additional conversation, listening, and reading practice. Please post a comment at the bottom of this page in the Facebook Comments window with your thoughts about these lessons.
  • Conversation Lesson - Advanced Level. Dialogs for everyday use. Short situational dialogs for students of English as a Foreign (EFL) or Second (ESL) Language with a written conversation and a conversation notes section.
Conversation Lesson 6 - A Telephone Call
(Advanced - Conversation, Reading)

Dialogs for everyday use. Short situational dialogs for students of English as a Foreign (EFL) or Second (ESL) Language.
A Telephone Call

JOHN: Hi, Alice, it’s John. How are you?

ALICE: Oh, hi, John! I was just thinking about you.

JOHN: That’s nice. I was wondering if you’d like to go to a movie tonight.

ALICE: Sure, I’d love to! What’s playing?

JOHN: I was thinking about that new comedy Lights Out. What do you think?

ALICE: Sounds great!

JOHN: OK, I’ll pick you up around 7:30. The movie starts at 8:00.

ALICE: See you then. Bye!
Conversation Notes
  • Hi, Alice, it’s John: Hi, ____, it’s ____ is a casual and friendly way to say hello on the phone. Although “it’s” means “it is,” it is used to mean “I am” here.
  • Oh, hi, John! Notice the rising intonation here. Alice is excited to hear from John and is very pleased that he called her.
  • I was wondering if you’d like to ... This is a polite and indirect way of asking “Do you want to …?” John is nervous and does not want to appear too direct or bold. Notice how the question goes up at the end, which shows that he is not overly confident.
  • Sure! I’d love to means “Yes, I would love to.” Notice that Alice is very enthusiastic and friendly. She wants John to feel comfortable about asking her out on a date.
  • I was thinking about … / What do you think? Again, John does not want to appear too bold. He wants to give Alice a chance to suggest a movie.
  • Sounds great! Is an informal way of saying “That is a good plan.”
  • I’ll pick you up is an informal way of saying “I’ll come to your house so that we can go together.”
Source: U.S. State Department
Additional Conversation
Conversation

This is a collection of 30 situational conversations which focus on a wide variety of communicative and natural encounters in English....these lessons are for beginning students.
Conversation

This is a collection of 36 situational conversations which focus on spoken American English in a relatively natural way....these lessons are for intermediate students.
Conversation

English conversation lessons. 52 lessons covering pronunciation, speaking, writing, and grammar topics....these lessons are for beginning students.
Conversation

English conversation lessons. 30 lessons focusing mostly on communication and grammar topics....these lessons are for intermediate students.
Additional Information
Study Tips
(Beginner - Listening)

Avoid Ineffective Study Methods. An audio lesson to help you study English more effectively. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great English study tips.
Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
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  Resources

These links contain many English learning resources. Some are for students, some are for teachers. If you find information not on Fun Easy English, please post a comment below, and I will make every effort to add it to the site. Thanks.
 
 
 
 
 
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