Fun Easy English Classroom January 13
 
 
 
 

Classroom
Today


Learn about
English pronouns
Pronouns

Today in the Fun Easy English classroom you are going to learn about pronouns an important part of English grammar.
Hey if you cannot understand something on this page,
then use the Fun Easy English dictionary (opens in a new window)
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Grammar: Pronouns

A pronoun is a word used to take the place of a noun or a noun phrase. A noun is one of the eight parts of speech. The following are different types of pronouns:
  • demonstrative pronoun
  • a word that replaces a noun that can be understood from the context of the conversation or writing
  • intensive pronoun
  • a word that is used to emphasize its antecedent
  • interrogative pronoun
  • a "wh" question word that acts as a pronoun and is used to ask questions
  • personal objective pronoun
  • a word that refers to a specific person or thing and replaces a noun (object) that is affected by an action
  • personal possessive pronoun
  • a word that refers to a specific person or thing and replaces a noun to show possession or ownership
  • personal subjective pronoun
  • refers to a specific person or thing and replaces a noun (subject) that performs an action
  • reciprocal pronoun
  • a word that refers back to the subject and shows that the action of the verb is a two-way action and is in the object position
  • relative pronoun
  • a word that connects a phrase or clause to another phrase or clause
  • reflexive pronoun
  • refers back to the subject of the clause or sentence and is used when the subject and the word following the verb are the same person
From YOUR Teacher: Pronouns

In many cultures like Japan pronouns are only used in very informal situations. In America, English pronouns are used in almost any situation. Correct usage of pronouns is essential for good English communication.
Test: Grammar Pronouns

Study the types of pronouns listed above. For each test question, you will be given four words. Three of the words will be the same type of pronoun and one word will be a different type of pronoun. Click the links above to learn more about each type of pronoun if you cannot answer a question.
1.  Which of the following words is NOT a demonstrative pronoun?

     a.  this
     b.  that
     c.  these
     d.  themselves
2.  Which of the following words is NOT an indefinite pronoun?

     a.  anyone
     b.  theirs
     c.  everything
     d.  none
3.  Which of the following words is NOT an intensive pronoun?

     a.  himself
     b.  herself
     c.  whichever
     d.  themselves
4.  Which of the following words is NOT an interrogative pronoun?

     a.  who
     b.  what
     c.  theirs
     d.  whichever
5.  Which of the following words is NOT a personal objective pronoun?

     a.  me
     b.  you
     c.  them
     d.  mine
6.  Which of the following words is NOT a personal possessive pronoun?

     a.  mine
     b.  yours
     c.  they
     d.  theirs
7.  Which of the following words is NOT a personal subjective pronoun?

     a.  he
     b.  she
     c.  these
     d.  they
8.  Which of the following words is NOT a reciprocal pronoun?

     a.  each other
     b.  one another
     c.  themselves
9.  Which of the following words is NOT a relative pronoun?

     a.  what
     b.  those
     c.  which
     d.  who
10.  Which of the following words is NOT a reflexive pronoun?

     a.  myself
     b.  yourself
     c.  everything
     d.  whichever
 
Additional Lessons
About These Lessons

The following classroom lessons are great for students who want additional conversation, listening, and reading practice. Please post a comment at the bottom of this page in the Facebook Comments window with your thoughts about these lessons.
  • Learning English - Beginner Level. A 30 minute audio broadcast of recent world news. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great listening practice.
  • Conversation Lesson - Beginner Level. Let's Learn English conversation lesson with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, video speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new words section, and a writing activity.
  • Today in History - Advanced Level. Important events which changed history in America and around the world. Great English reading practice.
Learning English

(Beginner - Listening)

January 13, 2019 - A 30 minute audio broadcast of recent world news. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great listening practice.
 
Conversation Lesson 13 - Happy Birthday, William Shakespeare!
(Beginner - Conversation, Listening, Reading)

In this lesson It's a Sunday afternoon in Washington, D.C. Anna is bored. She finds something interesting to do when she hears music playing.
Lesson Video

Watch the video and then do the activities on this page.
Video Script

Anna: Hello! In Washington D.C. there are many things to do on a Sunday afternoon. I like to exercise. I like to shop. I like to garden. But today I feel bored. When I feel bored I always look for something unusual to do! I hear music. Let’s go see! What is going on here?
Rebecca: It’s a big birthday party for the writer William Shakespeare.
Anna: This is a party for William Shakespeare?
Rebecca: Yes!
Anna: Awesome!
Rebecca: Awesome!
Anna: This is a drum band. I never listen to a drum band. But today I am listening to a drum band because it’s Shakespeare’s birthday!
Anna: This is a puppet show. I never watch puppet shows. But today I am watching a puppet show because it’s Shakespeare’s birthday!
Anna: My clothes are usual. His clothes are unusual.
Anna: In Washington, D.C. seeing a politician or even the President is usual. Seeing the Queen of England is very unusual! Your majesty!
Anna: This is sword fighting. I never sword fight. But today I am sword fighting because it’s Shakespeare’s birthday!
Anna: There are many things to do on a Sunday in Washington, D.C. -- some usual, some unusual.
Anna: Today, I am not bored because … it is William Shakespeare’s birthday!
Listening

Now practice listening to only the audio portion of the conversation.
Speaking

In this video, learn to say the new words. Learn to talk about cause and effect.
Pronunciation

In this video, you ​learn about what happens when two words with same sound come together.
New Words
  • bandn. a usually small group of musicians who play popular music together
  • becauseconj. for the reason that
  • birthday - n. the day when someone was born or the anniversary of that day
  • boredadj. tired and annoyed by too much of the same thing; not interested
  • drum - n. a musical instrument that is made with a thin layer of skin or plastic stretched over the end of a round frame and that is played by hitting the skin or plastic with sticks or with your hands
  • exercisev. physical activity that is done in order to become stronger and healthier
  • fight - v. to use weapons or physical force to try to hurt someone, to defeat an enemy, etc. or to struggle in battle or physical combat
  • party - n. a social event in which entertainment, food, and drinks are provided
  • politician - n. someone who is active in government usually as an elected official
  • President - n. the head of the government in some countries
  • puppet - n. a doll that is moved by putting your hand inside it or by pulling strings or wires that are attached to it
  • Queen - n. a woman who rules a country and who usually inherits her position and rules for life
  • shopv. to visit places where goods are sold in order to look at and buy things
  • show - n. a performance in a theater that usually includes singing and dancing
  • sword - n. a weapon with a long metal blade that has a sharp point and edge
  • unusual - adj. different or strange in a way that attracts attention
  • usualadj. done, found, or used most of the time or in most cases, or normal or regular
  • watch - v. to look at (someone or something) for an amount of time and pay attention to what is happening
Activity

What do you usually do on a Sunday afternoon? (Or on your day off.)​ Write about how frequently you do different activities in the Facebook Comments section below. Then practice with a friend. Click lesson activity to get the printable PDF version. The page opens to a new window.
Conversation Lessons

Study all 52 English conversation lessons. Let's Learn English conversation lessons each with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, video speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new words section, and a writing activity. These lessons are for beginners.
Source: Voice of America
 
Today in History
(Advanced - Reading)

January 13, 1833

Important events which changed history in America and around the world. Read the following story. Use the Online Reference window below to look up any words you do not know. This is great English reading practice.

Picture: Letter, Andrew Jackson to Martin Van Buren discussing the nullification crisis, January 13, 1833. (Martin Van Buren Papers). Words and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents Celebrating the Manuscript Division’s First 100 Years. Manuscript Division
The Nullification Crisis

On January 13, 1833, President Andrew Jackson wrote Vice President Martin Van Buren expressing his opposition to South Carolina’s defiance of federal authority. He closed with the assertion, “nothing must be permitted to weaken our government at home or abroad.”

The Nullification Crisis of 1832-33 erupted the previous November when South Carolina nullified a federal tariff that favored Northern manufacturing over Southern agriculture. Complicating matters, Jackson’s vice president at that time, South Carolina native John C. Calhoun, firmly believed states had the right to overrule federal laws. South Carolinians agreed and planned to use armed force to prevent duty collection in the state after February 1, 1833.

Calhoun developed the idea of nullification—first put forth in the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions of 1798—as a strategy for the South to preserve slavery in the face of a Northern majority in Congress. His support of the measure, disclosed midway through his term, was not shared by President Jackson who feared nullification’s power to split the Union. This difference of opinion permanently distanced the president and vice president.

The crisis was resolved without bloodshed in March 1833. Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun, who had left the vice presidency at the end of 1832 to serve South Carolina in the Senate, drafted a reduced tariff agreement that pacified South Carolina while allowing the Federal government to stand firm. On December 10, 1832, Jackson responded to South Carolina’s recalcitrance with a Proclamation to the people of South Carolina. Considered the greatest state paper of the era, Jackson promised to uphold the federal tariff and warned “disunion by armed force is treason.”

Calhoun represented his home state until his death in 1850. His final years in office were spent trying to unite the South against attacks on slavery.
Source: Library of Congress
Additional Information
Study Tips
(Beginner - Listening)

Avoid Ineffective Study Methods. An audio lesson to help you study English more effectively. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great English study tips.
Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
Cool Stuff
Online Reference
Dictionary, Encyclopedia & more
Word:
by:
Confused?

Found a word you do not know?
1. Type the word
2. Click Look it up
Top Hits

Listen to American music while you study.
1. Click The ► button
2. Enjoy some great music
       
  Resources

These links contain many English learning resources. Some are for students, some are for teachers. If you find information not on Fun Easy English, please post a comment below, and I will make every effort to add it to the site. Thanks.
 
 
 
 
 
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