Fun Easy English Classroom March 10


Learn about
possessive nouns
Possessive Nouns

Today in the Fun Easy English classroom you are going to learn about possessive nouns an important part of English grammar.
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Grammar: Possessive Nouns

Definition of a possessive noun.
  • A possessive noun is:
  • a noun that owns, or is closely related to, something else
  • usually formed by adding the letter "s" and an apostrophe ('s)
Possessive Noun Examples
  • Possessive nouns formed by adding an apostrophe and the letter "s" to a singular noun that does not end in "s"
  • The new car is Joe's.
  • Possessive nouns formed by adding an apostrophe alone or an apostrophe and the letter "s" to a singular noun that does end in "s"
  • The bus' seats are very uncomfortable.
  • The bus's seats are very uncomfortable.
  • Possessive nouns formed by adding an apostrophe and the letter "s" to a plural noun that does not end in "s"
  • The women's team was ready to compete.
  • Possessive nouns formed by adding an apostrophe to a plural noun that does end in "s"
  • The birds' chirping kept her up all night.
From YOUR Teacher: Possessive Nouns

These are basically pretty easy and show that someone owns or is closely related to something.
Additional Lessons
About These Lessons

The following classroom lessons are great for students who want additional conversation, listening, and reading practice. Please post a comment at the bottom of this page in the Facebook Comments window with your thoughts about these lessons.
  • Conversation Lesson - Intermediate Level. Let's Learn English conversation lesson with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, and a new words section.
Conversation Lesson 17 - Flour Baby, Part 1
(Intermediate - Conversation, Listening, Reading)

In this lesson Ms. Weaver gives Anna and Pete a new assignment: make a show about single parents. But first, she wants them to try out parenting for themselves.
Lesson Video

Watch the video and then read the video script.
Video Script

Ms. Weaver: Anna, Pete, I have a new assignment for you -- a show on single parents! What is it like for a mother or a father to raise a child by herself or himself?
Anna: We can interview single parents. They can share their experiences themselves.
Ms. Weaver: Yes, but you need to experience parenthood yourselves.
Anna: Ourselves?
Peter: Yeah, how do we do that? We’re not parents.
Ms. Weaver: I asked myself the same question. I said, "Caty, how are they gonna do that?" Then an idea came to me. I will give you the babies!
Professor Bot: You may be asking yourself the same thing that I’m asking myself: what is Ms. Weaver talking about!? I am sure we will find out shortly.
This lesson teaches reflexive pronouns.
Reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject of a sentence or clause. We use them when the subject and the object are the same person or thing.
For example, Ms. Weaver says, “I asked myself the same question.”
“I” is the subject and “myself” refers back to it. Here, she would not use the pronoun “me.” You need to use the reflexive pronoun “myself.”
Reflexive pronouns are easy to find: they end in “self” or “selves.” I have a feeling we are going to see a lot of reflexive pronouns. Listen for them!
(Pete and Anna continue their meeting with Ms. Weaver. She puts two bags of flour on the table. Pete and Anna still look confused.)
Ms. Weaver: Here are your babies!
Pete: Those are bags of flour.
Ms. Weaver: No, Pete, for the next six days, this is your baby. Here are your instructions. Do not leave your babies alone. A baby cannot take care of itself. And you two must do everything by yourselves.
We will meet next Friday. Oh, and the person who does the best research will get an extra day of vacation. Help yourself to a baby.
Anna: Pete, look, my baby is organic and whole grain. Your baby is ordinary.
(Pete pushes her flour baby off desk.)
Anna: (to Pete) Monster! (to Caty) This is a great idea, Ms. Weaver!
(Pete and Anna are now outside.)
Pete: This is a terrible idea.
Anna: Speak for yourself, Pete! We need to throw ourselves into the research! I’m starting right now!
(She leaves but forgets her Flour Baby.)
Pete: Hey Anna, you forgot your baby!
(She turns and looks at Pete.)
Anna: Come to mama!
(The bag of flour flies at her. She catches it.)
Anna: Good girl! Good girl!
Professor Bot: Singular reflexive pronouns end in “self.” Plural ones end in “selves.”
Anna says, “We need to throw ourselves into the research!” The subject “we” is plural. So, we must use the plural reflexive pronoun “ourselves.”
(The parenting research begins. Anna tries to open a baby stroller but can’t. A man walking by helps her. She pushes Flour Baby in the stroller but it falls out. On another day, she jogs with it. After several days, she is tired!)
Anna: This is hard! I hope Pete is not doing well. I really need that vacation day!
Professor Bot: We will all see how Pete is doing in the next episode. We’ll also learn when not to use reflexive pronouns.

Now practice listening to only the audio portion of the conversation.
Now, practice the grammar you just learned!

Use the Comments section below to tell us about taking care of a baby (real or not), or maybe an animal. You can talk about yourself, or maybe a friend or family member/s. What happened? How did it go?

Using Reflexive Pronouns

We use reflexive pronouns when the subject and object of the sentence or clause are the same person or thing.

Ex: I asked myself the same question.

Subjects and their reflexive pronouns:


A reflexive pronoun can be a direct object, indirect object or an object of the preposition.

Direct Object:
Ex: A baby cannot take care of itself.

Indirect Object:
Ex: I asked myself the same question.

Object of the Preposition:
Ex: Anna and Pete are experiencing parenthood for themselves.

To show emphasis:

Sometimes, we use reflexive pronouns simply to emphasize the person or thing in the sentence or clause. In this case, the reflexive pronoun often appears at the end of the sentence:

Ex: Anna took care of the baby herself.

We do NOT use reflexive pronouns:

After prepositions of place

Ex: Anna found the flour baby in the kitchen herself. (wrong)
Anna found the flour baby in the kitchen. (right)

After these verbs: meet, feel, relax, concentrate

Ex: They will meet themselves at The Studio next Friday. (wrong)
They will meet at The Studio next Friday. (right)

After verbs that describe things we normally do for ourselves, such as dress, shave and wash​

Ex: Anna got dressed herself for a day with her new flour baby. (wrong)
Anna got dressed for a day with her new flour baby. (right)

Don't miss the next episode when we'll talk more about when not to use reflexive pronouns!
New Words
  • experiencen. the process of doing and seeing things and of having things happen to you
  • gonnainformal. In casual conversation, most Americans change “going to” to “gonna.”
  • instructionsn. statements that describe how to do something
  • ordinaryadj. normal or usual
  • monstern. an extremely cruel or evil person
  • parenthoodn. the state of being a mother or father
  • referv. to have a direct connection or relationship to something
  • singleadj. not married or not having a serious romantic relationship with someone
  • speak for yourself - expression. something you say to someone to say that the opinion that they have just expressed is not the same as your opinion
  • stroller - n. a small carriage with four wheels that a baby or small child can ride in while someone pushes it​
  • terribleadj. very shocking and upsetting
  • throw (reflexive pronoun) intoexpression. to begin to do something with great energy and determination
Conversation Lessons

Study all 30 English intermediate conversation lessons. Let's Learn English conversation lessons each with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, and a new words section. These lessons are for intermediate students.
Conversation Lessons

Study all 52 English beginner conversation lessons. Let's Learn English conversation lessons each with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, video speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new words section, and a writing activity. These lessons are for beginning students.
Source: Voice of America
Additional Information
Study Tips
(Beginner - Listening)

Avoid Ineffective Study Methods. An audio lesson to help you study English more effectively. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great English study tips.
Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
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