Fun Easy English Classroom March 2


Learn about
English aspect

Today in the Fun Easy English classroom you are going to learn about aspect an important part of English grammar.
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Grammar: Aspect

Definition of aspect.
  • Aspect shows if the action, event or condition is complete or not and includes the following:
  • simple aspect - the action, event, or condition is incomplete (indefinite) and includes the following:
  • simple past
  • simple present
  • simple future
  • perfect aspect - the action, event, or condition is complete (definite) and includes the following:
  • past perfect
  • present perfect
  • future perfect
  • progressive aspect - the action, event, or condition is continuing and includes the following:
  • past progressive
  • present progressive
  • future progressive
  • perfect progressive aspect - the action, event or condition is continuing and then is complete and includes the following:
  • past perfect progressive
  • present perfect progressive
  • future perfect progressive
  • Aspect is closely related to tense
  • The table below shows the relationship between aspect and tense
Aspect and Tense Table
tense & aspect aspect
simple perfect progressive perfect progressive
tense past simple
present simple
future simple
From YOUR Teacher: Aspect

This is a really difficult American English grammar concept.
Additional Lessons
About These Lessons

The following classroom lessons are great for students who want additional conversation, listening, and reading practice. Please post a comment at the bottom of this page in the Facebook Comments window with your thoughts about these lessons.
  • Conversation Lesson - Intermediate Level. Let's Learn English conversation lesson with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, and a new words section.
Conversation Lesson 9 - Pets Are Family, Too!
(Intermediate - Conversation, Listening, Reading)

In this lesson Anna goes to the D.C. State Fair and wins first place in a pet contest even though she doesn’t have a pet. Or does she?
Lesson Video

Watch the video and then read the video script.
Video Script

Anna: Hi Ashley!
Ashley: Hey, Anna! How was your weekend?
Anna: It was great! I went to the D.C. State Fair.
Ashley: I would have gone, but I was busy. How was it?
Anna: It was awesome! I won first place in a pet contest!
Ashley: But, you don’t have a pet, do you?
Anna: Yes and no. What do you mean by “pet”?
Prof. Bot: A pet is an animal that lives with you. People love their pets. "Ashley said, you don’t have a pet, do you? She used a tag question, a small question at the end of a sentence. Let's look for more of them!
Anna: Look, a pet! Who’s this cute little dog?
Ashley: Oh, right. You haven’t met my dog, have you? This is Dublin.
Anna: Hi, Dublin! Nice to meet you. He’s so cute!
Ashley: Thanks! So, tell me about the fair.
Anna: Oh, there were the usual things -- fair food, cute babies, music. But there must have been a dozen different contests! And some were pretty strange.
Anna: There was a contest to see who could spit a watermelon seed the farthest. You should have seen all the people who wanted to spit a watermelon seed! And, it was pretty fun to watch. But Ashley, the pet contests were the best. There was a pet parade. Lots of people walked with their dogs.
Ashley: That sounds so fun. But Anna, tell me, how did you win a pet contest without a pet?
Anna: Okay, the closest thing I have is my pet rock.
Anna: I know it’s silly, but I’ve had it since I was a little girl. So, for a joke, I brought it to the fair. But then I was invited to enter the “One-of-Kind Pet” contest. And I won! (holds up first place ribbon)
Ashley: Anna, only you could have won first place in a pet contest with a pet rock. I should have brought Dublin. He would’ve won a contest!
Anna: It’s not very easy to win one of these. (shows her the blue ribbon) Does he have a costume?
Anna: They had a costume contest. You should have seen this little girl. She and her dog wore matching princess costumes!
Ashley: Dublin doesn’t wear costumes.
Anna: Does he know any tricks?
Ashley: Come this way. Now, watch this. (Dublin chases a toy)
Anna: You caught it, Dublin! And you killed it! Good dog! Ashley, he could have won the Best Catch contest! Aw, good boy! Ashley, pets are fun, aren’t they?
Ashley: Yes. And they become part of your family. (she drinks from her Dublin mug)
Anna: Ashley, I think I want a dog. No. I know I want a dog!
Ashley: It’s a big responsibility. You may want to spend time with a dog first.
Anna: That is a great idea. But where can I find a dog?
Ashley: You know, Anna, I have some shopping to do. Do you want to watch Dublin for a couple of hours?
Anna: Yes! I would! I will take very good care of him!
Ashley: I know you will. Here’s his leash.
Anna: Thank you.
Ashley: (to Dublin) Okay, I'll miss you!
Anna: Aw. I don’t want you to be lonely. Here, Rocky can stay with you. (puts pet rock on wall)
Ashley: Anna, I really don’t need … Okay. Thanks, Anna.
Anna: Sure. Bye, Ashley. (to Dublin) Come on, Dublin! Bye, Rocky!
Ashley: Bye!
Prof. Bot: Anna’s rock is cute, isn’t it? Oh, there is another tag question! You found some more, didn’t you?
You haven’t met my dog, have you?
Go to the VOA Learning English website to learn more.

Now practice listening to only the audio portion of the conversation.
New Words
  • contest - n. an event in which people try to win by doing something better than others
  • fair - n. a large public event at which there are various kinds of competitions, games, rides, and entertainment
  • leash - n. a long, thin piece of rope or chain that is used for holding a dog or other animal
  • matching - adj. having the same pattern, color, or design
  • owner - n. a person or group that owns something or a pet's human companion
  • parade - n. a public celebration of a special day or event that usually includes many people and groups moving down a street by marching or riding in cars or on special vehicles
  • princess - n. a female member of a royal family
  • responsibility - n. a duty or task that you are required or expected to do
  • seed - n. a small object produced by a plant from which a new plant can grow
  • spit - v. to force (something, such as food or liquid) from your mouth
  • watermelon - n. a large, round fruit that has hard, green skin, sweet, red, juicy flesh, and black seeds
Conversation Lessons

Study all 30 English intermediate conversation lessons. Let's Learn English conversation lessons each with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, and a new words section. These lessons are for intermediate students.
Conversation Lessons

Study all 52 English beginner conversation lessons. Let's Learn English conversation lessons each with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, video speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new words section, and a writing activity. These lessons are for beginning students.
Source: Voice of America
Additional Information
Study Tips
(Beginner - Listening)

Avoid Ineffective Study Methods. An audio lesson to help you study English more effectively. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great English study tips.
Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.
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